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We will test an NCD intervention bundle incorporating the World Health Organisation (WHO)'s Package for Essential Non-Communicable Disease Interventions (PEN) within an approximate population of 300,000 people in rural Nepal. This intervention integrates three evidence-based approaches for both facility- and community-based NCD care focused on the key areas of Clinical Practice, Counseling, and Technology for two tiers of non-physician healthcare worker - Mid-Level Providers and Community Health Workers: 1) Task-shifting of evidence-based medicine algorithms and clinical skills from PEN protocols to non-physician healthcare workers; 2) Delivering quality counseling based on the Motivational Interviewing Model to drive behavior change with respect to both treatment adherence (defined as medication adherence and follow-up completion) and risk factor modification (alcohol, tobacco, diet, physical activity); 3) Employing a facility- and community-based clinical decision support tool for effective integration of PEN protocols into non-physician healthcare worker workflow. This five-year study will initial test the acceptability and feasibility of the intervention (two years) followed by a type 2 hybrid effectiveness-implementation research trial (three years) to which we will apply the RE-AIM implementation evaluative framework of both outcomes and process indicators. Co-primary outcomes for the intervention bundle will be: a) disease-specific, evidence-based control metrics that measures clinical efficacy; b) qualitative evaluation of acceptability and feasibility that incorporates perspectives of patients, providers, and government stakeholders; and c) an implementation checklist of key intervention process measures.
Bundled NCD WHO PEN Intervention
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-17T02:47:28-0400
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Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.
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