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Gastric cancer ranks as the fifth most common and the third most common cause of cancer deaths in the world. In spite of the progresses made in the diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer in the past decades, the prognosis is still unsatisfied mainly due to recurrence and distant metastasis. Surgical treatment is the first choice for the treatment of early gastric cancer, but it is prone to recurrence and metastasis after surgery. There are relatively few chemotherapy drugs for gastric cancer. Studies have shown that about 13% of gastric cancers have HER2 gene amplification, and there are no other known driver gene other than HER-2. At present, the targeted therapeutic drugs approved for gastric cancer in China are only trastuzumab and apatinib.
Immune checkpoint inhibitors, including PD-1 inhibitors, PD-L1 inhibitors and CTLA-4 inhibitors, have achieved significant therapeutic effects in a variety of tumors and are expected to alter the current state of treatment of tumors. In gastric cancer, the KEYNOTE-012 study demonstated the efficacy of Pembrolizumab in patients with PD-L1 positive advanced gastric cancer. The study showed that 53% of patients had tumor retraction, and 22% achieved partial imaging remission with a median duration of 40 weeks. At the same time, Pembrolizumab is also less toxic than standard second-line chemotherapy. However, Are the Immune checkpoint inhibitors should be used as single-drug or in combination with chemotherapy? Are the Immune checkpoint inhibitors should be used in the first-line or in the back-line? And which is the best combination therapy? For these issues, there is no conclusion yet.
This observational study included all patients with gastric cancer who used Immune checkpoint inhibitors in clinical practice, regardless of treatment lines and combination with different chemotherapy. Through follow-up observations, the aim of this study is to analyze the efficacy of Immune checkpoint inhibitors for gastric cancer in the real world, and to explore the differences in the efficacy of Immune checkpoint inhibitors in different stages of treatment, as well as the efficacy of different chemotherapy combinations, so as to provide clinical evidence for the use of immunotherapy for advanced gastric cancer.
Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center
Sun Yat-sen University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-18T03:27:55-0400
No accurate, inexpensive and non-invasive test for gastric cancer screening is currently available. The investigators' recent study identified a1-antitrypsin and other proteins as potentia...
The purpose of this study is to establish a gastric cancer registry. A registry is a database of information. With the registry, we can learn more about the genetic causes of gastric cance...
Gastric cancer is most frequent after the fifth decade of life. Surgical risk is higher in aged population because of general health condition may affect the postoperative result. Aim of t...
Since it is not uncertain about efficacy of combination therapy with PSK and TS-1 in gastric cancer, in this study, we compare efficacy and safety of postoperative adjuvant therapy using T...
Liquid biopsy has been widely used in the diagnosis and treatment of tumors, and cfDNA has always been a hot spot in clinical research. Previous studies have shown that cfDNA may be associ...
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols have been successfully integrated into peri-operative management of different cancer surgeries such as colorectal cancer. Their value for gastric cance...
In the original publication of this article, Fig. 2 was published incorrectly. The correct Fig. 2 is given in this correction.
Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer worldwide and the second most common cause of cancer-related death. The majority of newly diagnosed gastric cancer cases present either as locally advan...
That portion of the stomach remaining after gastric surgery, usually gastrectomy or gastroenterostomy for cancer of the stomach or peptic ulcer. It is a common site of cancer referred to as stump cancer or carcinoma of the gastric stump.
A proto-oncogene protein and member of the Wnt family of proteins. It is frequently up-regulated in human GASTRIC CANCER and is a tumor marker (TUMOR MARKERS, BIOLOGICAL) of gastric and COLORECTAL CANCER.
A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.
Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
Vagal denervation of that part of the STOMACH lined with acid-secreting mucosa (GASTRIC MUCOSA) containing the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS. Since the procedure leaves the vagal branches to the antrum and PYLORUS intact, it circumvents gastric drainage required with truncal vagotomy techniques.
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...