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The main study objective is to evaluate the efficacy of IQP-AE-103 in reducing body weight in overweight and moderately obese subjects, in the context of an energy restricted diet. Further objectives are to evaluate the beneficial potential of IQP-AE-103 on waist circumference, blood pressure and blood glucose and lipid levels, quality of life, as well as its safety and tolerability
Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Obesity is a substantial public health problem throughout the world, with the prevalence increasing rapidly in numerous developing and developed nations. In 2014, about 13% of the world's adult populations were obese and 39% were overweight. The worldwide prevalence of obesity has more than doubled in over 30 years (WHO, 2016). Obesity and overweight pose major risks for serious diseases, such as dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease and stroke (Haslam & James 2005) and average life expectancy is reduced in obese people (Fontaine et al. 2003). Dietary fat plays a major role in the development of overeating and obesity (Bray et al. 2004); thus fat uptake should be a main target to reduce energy intake and achieve a loss of body weight (Svendsen & Tonstad, 2011). It has been shown that nutrients such as protein and fibre reduce lipid absorption (e.g. Chong et al., 2014; Hosomi et al., 2010; Tsujita et al., 2007). The main components of the IQP-AE-103 are okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) pod powder and inulin. Okra pod powder contains a combination of dietary fibre and protein, which may have an important role in fat binding (Kumar et al., 2013). Dehydrated powder derived from okra pod has further been shown to have substantial swelling capabilities when added to water (Bakre & Jaiyeaob, 2009), which can potentially provide satiety effects. Inulin is a fermentable fructan, derived from plants such as asparagus, garlic, leak, onion etc.
and serves as an important source of soluble dietary fibre (Jaundzeikare and Beitane, 2014), to further enhance the effect of fat binding. The efficacy of IQP-AE-103 in body weight reduction during intake of 12 weeks has been shown recently in a clinical trial with 108 overweight and moderately obese subjects (Uebelhack et al., 2019). The present study aims at a broader evaluation of the beneficial effects of IQP-AE-103 for use in weight management, including its impact on waist circumference, blood pressure and blood glucose and lipid levels as well as quality of life, in overweight and moderately obese subjects.
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Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-18T03:27:56-0400
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A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
Services providing counseling and activities that help overweight individuals to attain a more healthy body weight.
An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
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