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EAdi as a Predictor of Successful Extubation in Patients With Traumatic Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

2019-09-18 03:27:27 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Esophageal recordings of diaphragm electrical activity (EAdi) made it possible to monitor respiratory drive and the subsequent phrenic nerve conduction and respiratory neuromuscular function continuously. Thus, we designed a "spontaneous breathing challenge" test to monitor the change in EAdi after a maximal inspiration. We hypothesized that the absolute change (ΔEAdi) and the percentage changes change (ΔEAdi%) in EAdi after a "spontaneous breathing challenge" predict successful extubation in traumatic CSCI patients during acute hospitalization.

Description

A retrospective cohort study enrolled adult traumatic CSCI patients who underwent mechanical ventilation and admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Zhongda hospital form June 2014 to July 2018. The following inclusion criteria were used: age 18 years or older, traumatic CSCI patients with a neurologic level of injury of C2 to C7 by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) standard impairment scale grade A,B, and C patients with mechanical ventilation due to acute respiratory failure and admite to ICU, dedicated nasogastric tube with nine electrodes that allow to continuously measure diaphragm electrical activity (EAdi catheter, Maquet, Solna, Sweden) in postion. CSCI was defined as radiologically-confirmed injury to the cervical spinal column, combined with clinical signs and symptoms consistent with CSCI at that level. The exclusion criteria were: tracheostomy at time of addmition to ICU, withhold or withdraw life sustaining treatment due to other serious organ injury, can't complete instructional actions, death occurred within 7 days after injury, or postoperative MV was a direct result of surgery and had duration of less than 24 hours postoperatively. Extubation or tracheostomy was decided by the physician in charge according to the local protocol of weaning.

Study Design

Conditions

Traumatic Cervical Spinal Cord Injury (CSCI)

Intervention

No interventation

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Southeast University, China

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-18T03:27:27-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A syndrome associated with traumatic injury to the cervical or upper thoracic regions of the spinal cord characterized by weakness in the arms with relative sparing of the legs and variable sensory loss. This condition is associated with ischemia, hemorrhage, or necrosis involving the central portions of the spinal cord. Corticospinal fibers destined for the legs are spared due to their more external location in the spinal cord. This clinical pattern may emerge during recovery from spinal shock. Deficits may be transient or permanent.

Longitudinal cavities in the spinal cord, most often in the cervical region, which may extend for multiple spinal levels. The cavities are lined by dense, gliogenous tissue and may be associated with SPINAL CORD NEOPLASMS; spinal cord traumatic injuries; and vascular malformations. Syringomyelia is marked clinically by pain and PARESTHESIA, muscular atrophy of the hands, and analgesia with thermoanesthesia of the hands and arms, but with the tactile sense preserved (sensory dissociation). Lower extremity spasticity and incontinence may also develop. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1269)

Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.

Repair of the damaged neuron function after SPINAL CORD INJURY or SPINAL CORD DISEASES.

A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four cervical spinal cord segments. The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head, and motor fibers to muscles of the cervical spinal column, infrahyoid muscles, and the diaphragm.

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