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This study evaluates if nitrous oxide (commonly known as "laughing gas") improves the experience of intrauterine device (IUD) insertion for adolescent and young adult women. Half of participants will receive inhaled nitrous oxide during their IUD insertion, while the other half will receive a placebo (inhaled oxygen). All participants will receive ibuprofen before the IUD procedure.
The objective of this research study is to learn more about how to make the intrauterine device (IUD) insertion procedure more comfortable.
IUDs are highly effective at preventing pregnancy and are also used to treat gynecological conditions such as endometriosis or heavy periods. Unfortunately, many adolescents and young adults do not get an IUD because they are fearful that the procedure will be painful. Currently, there are no medications that successfully reduce pain during IUD insertion for adolescents in the outpatient clinic setting.
In our study, the investigators plan to study if nitrous oxide (commonly known as "laughing gas") improves the experience of IUD insertion for adolescent and young adult women. Although nitrous oxide is already used frequently to manage pain and anxiety during other procedures (such as dental work or treating injuries in the emergency room), nitrous oxide has not yet been studied for IUD insertion in teenagers and young adults.
This study will help clinicians to understand whether or not nitrous oxide could be an effective way to manage discomfort and anxiety for adolescents undergoing IUD placement. Ultimately, it is hoped that this study will lead to increased use of this highly effective method of contraception among adolescents.
Nitrous oxide gas for inhalation, Oxygen Gas for Inhalation
Boston Children's Hospital
Not yet recruiting
Boston Children’s Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-19T03:56:39-0400
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