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Effect of Metformin on Chronic Pain After Thoracic Surgery in Diabetic Patients

2019-09-19 03:56:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Metformin has been found to have more and more functions as a commonly used hypoglycemic drug in clinic. It has been found that metformin has anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and lipid metabolism regulating effects. Basic studies have shown that metformin as an adjuvant drug combined with gabapentin and tramadol is safe and effective in patients with neuropathic pain. Postoperative chronic pain as a common complication has seriously affected the quality of life and mood of patients after surgery.Some studies have shown that chronic pain after partial operation manifests as neuropathic pain. The effect of metformin on chronic pain after thoracic surgery in patients with diabetes mellitus was observed in this experiment, which was compared with patients taking insulin to control blood sugar.

Description

The analgesic mechanism of metformin may include the following aspects:(1)Metformin relieves neuropathic pain mainly because it can activate adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which plays a crucial role in pain regulation as an important endogenous kinase controlling energy metabolism.(2)In addition, metformin can also inhibit ERK signaling pathway, further inhibit sodium channel, prevent the development of peripheral sensitization and achieve the effect of relieving neuropathic pain. (3)Metformin has been shown to alleviate bone cancer pain in rats by reducing STAT3 phosphorylation.Clinical research in this field is limited to basic research and ethical requirements are rarely reported at home and abroad. Li Chunye et al. of Jiangsu University designed a clinical trial to compare the efficacy of metformin and gabapentin combined with tramadol on neuropathic pain. The results showed that metformin had a better effect.

The incidence of chronic pain after thoracic surgery is higher. Postoperative chronic pain is a complex pain. The nature and mechanism of chronic pain after thoracic surgery are still controversial. Some studies have shown that some chronic pain after thoracic surgery manifests neuropathic pain, the mechanism may be related to surgical incision, nerve injury caused by trauma and increased pain sensitization. Can metformin alleviate chronic pain after surgery? The research on this aspect is still blank at present.This study was designed as a prospective cohort study to observe whether there was a difference in the incidence of chronic pain after thoracoscopic lobectomy between patients taking metformin and patients injecting insulin to control blood sugar.

Study Design

Conditions

Postoperative Chronic Pain

Intervention

Metformin

Location

The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University
Xuzhou
Jiangsu
China

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Xuzhou Medical University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-19T03:56:40-0400

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Pain during the period after surgery.

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