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Light Therapy on Sleep Quality in Dialysis Patients

2019-09-17 02:47:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Sleep disorders are common in dialysis patients. At present, the management of insomnia in patients with chronic renal failure is not significantly different from that of the general population, which focuses on the management of co-factors, sleep hygiene, and cognitive-behavioral therapy.

Light therapy is a paramedical practice that involves exposing a patient to a light intensity greater than 5000 Lux (usually 10,000 Lux) for 30 minutes in the morning between 7:00 and 8:30. Its impact is partly mediated by an improvement in the nycthemeral cycle of melatonin.

Light therapy may improve sleep disorders and anxious-depressive elements as suggested in the literature. This technique has not yet been evaluated in dialysis patients, whereas easy to set up.

Description

Sleep disorders are common in dialysis patients. Indeed, several studies have reported that the prevalence of these disorders is higher than that of the general population. At present, the management of insomnia in patients with chronic renal failure is not significantly different from that of the general population, which focuses on the management of co-factors, sleep hygiene, and cognitive-behavioral therapy.

Light therapy is a paramedical practice that involves exposing a patient to a light intensity greater than 5000 Lux (usually 10,000 Lux) for 30 minutes in the morning between 7:00 and 8:30. Its impact is partly mediated by an improvement in the nycthemeral cycle of melatonin. Light therapy has been studied in several pathologies. In the context of renal insufficiency, only one randomized study was conducted in renal transplant patients: out of 30 patients, the effect of light therapy regained an 11-minute increase in sleep latency, an earlier awakening of 24 minutes, and a gain in the DASS-21 depression score of 1.7 points while there was no improvement in his three parameters in the control group. Interest in light therapy has also been evaluated in seasonal and non-seasonal depression. In a meta-analysis of 458 patients, light therapy adjuvant use was as effective as the addition of a second molecule.

Light therapy may improve sleep disorders and anxious-depressive elements as suggested in the literature. This technique has not yet been evaluated in dialysis patients, whereas easy to set up.

We therefore wish to set up a clinical study to determine whether a light therapy technique in the morning during dialysis or at home improves the quality of sleep of chronic hemodialysis patients. The secondary objectives will be to specify the improved sleep parameters, to evaluate the impact on the anxious-depressive score, the arterial hypertension, and the nutritional state, and the residual effect of light therapy.

The aim of this trial is to determine whether a light therapy technique in the morning during dialysis or at home improves the quality of sleep of chronic hemodialysis patients.

Study Design

Conditions

Chronic Renal Failure

Intervention

Light Therapy

Location

CH Annecy Genevois
Pringy
France
74374

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Centre Hospitalier Annecy Genevois

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-17T02:47:12-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

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Condition where a primary dysfunction of either heart or kidney results in failure of the other organ (e.g., HEART FAILURE with worsening RENAL INSUFFICIENCY).

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