Kinesio Taping on Trapezius Trigger Points After Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)

2019-09-19 03:56:44 | BioPortfolio


The aim of this research is to see the effects of kinesio taping after integrated neuromuscular inhibition technique on pain, disability, pain-pressure threshold and muscle length in patients with upper trapezius trigger points. There will be two groups experimental and control. One study group will receive kinesiotaping after integrated neuromuscular inhibition technique and the other group will only receive integrated neuromuscular inhibition technique.


This study is Randomized controlled trail done at physiotherapy department of Railway General Hospital Rawalpindi. The sample size of 26 individuals calculated using open epi tool. Sampling technique applied was convenience sampling. Randomization in groups by sealed envelope method. The subjects were divided into two groups with 13 patients each. Both groups were treated with Integrated neuromuscular inhibition technique (Muscle energy Technique, sustain pressure, Strain counter-strain) while Kinesio tape was applied after INIT in only experimental group. Study duration was of 6 months. Individuals having age between 20-40 years, upper trapezius active or latent trigger points, limited side bending were included in this study. Tools used in the study were neck disability index (NDI), algometry, numeric pain rating scale (NPRS) and muscle length (side bending through inclinometer). Assessments were taken on 1st day pre and post intervention and on 4th day.

Study Design


Trigger Points


Kinesiotaping, Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique


Riphah International University
Federal, Pakistan




Riphah International University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-19T03:56:44-0400

Clinical Trials [1430 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Investigation of the Effectiveness of Muscle Inhibition and Space Correction Techniques of Kinesiotaping Method in Female Patients With Myofascial Pain Syndrome Related to Upper Trapezius Active Trigger Points

To investigate the effectiveness of muscle inhibition and space correction techniques of kinesiotaping (KT) method; on pain, functional status and quality of life in female patients with m...

The Effectiveness of Kinesiotaping and Inactivation of Trigger Points in Chronic Myofascial Pain of TMD

In patients with a long-lasting TMD syndrome, especially of a muscular nature, palpation examination can locate the trigger points of pain (TrP) in the chewing muscles, i.e., the nodules i...

The Effect of Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique in Combination With Therapeutic Exercise on Patients With Chronic Mechanical Neck Pain

The purpose of this study is to examine the combine effect of the integrated neuromuscular inhibition technique (soft tissue mobilization techniques protocol), in combination with the ther...

Efficacy of Neuromuscular Bandage Technique Against Jones Technique After the Supraespinatus Muscle Tendon Suture

The suture of the supraspinatus tendon is a common surgery that requires physical therapy for back pain and functional impairment to such surgery. Kinesiotaping technique (KT) is being use...

Myosfascial Trigger-Points and Effects on Neuromuscular Response

The aim of this study is to analyze the effects of the treatment of the Myosfascial Trigger-Points detected in the gastrocnemius muscles on the neuromuscular response.

PubMed Articles [13976 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Effectiveness of stretching exercise versus kinesiotaping in improving length of the pectoralis minor: A systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Shortness of the pectoralis minor (PM) is a potential mechanism underlying shoulder impingement syndrome. Few studies have examined the effects of kinesiotaping and stretching exercise on PM length or...

Active Muscle Trigger Points Are Associated with Pain and Related Disability in Patients with Plantar Heel Pain: A Case-Control Study.

Pain experienced by patients with plantar heel pain has been associated with fascia thickness. It is possible that referred muscle pain may also be related to symptoms experienced by these patients. O...

Randomized Trial on Comparison of the Efficacy of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy and Dry Needling in Myofascial Trigger Points.

The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy and dry needling in the treatment of myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle.

What is normal? Neuromuscular junction reinnervation after nerve injury.

We present a reproducible technique to assess motor recovery after nerve injury via neuromuscular junction (NMJ) immunostaining and electrodiagnostic testing.

Widespread Pressure Pain Hypersensitivity, Health History, and Trigger Points in Patients with Chronic Neck Pain: A Preliminary Study.

Pain sensitivity in chronic neck pain patients may be influenced by health conditions related to higher levels of widespread pressure pain hypersensitivity (sensitization). Trigger points have also be...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Muscular pain in numerous body regions that can be reproduced by pressure on trigger points, localized hardenings in skeletal muscle tissue. Pain is referred to a location distant from the trigger points. A prime example is the TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.

The use of peripheral nerve stimulation to assess transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION, especially in the response to anesthetics, such as the intensity of NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKADE by NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKING AGENTS.

The intentional interruption of transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION by external agents, usually neuromuscular blocking agents. It is distinguished from NERVE BLOCK in which nerve conduction (NEURAL CONDUCTION) is interrupted rather than neuromuscular transmission. Neuromuscular blockade is commonly used to produce MUSCLE RELAXATION as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures. It is also often used as an experimental manipulation in basic research. It is not strictly speaking anesthesia but is grouped here with anesthetic techniques. The failure of neuromuscular transmission as a result of pathological processes is not included here.

A common nonarticular rheumatic syndrome characterized by myalgia and multiple points of focal muscle tenderness to palpation (trigger points). Muscle pain is typically aggravated by inactivity or exposure to cold. This condition is often associated with general symptoms, such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, stiffness, HEADACHES, and occasionally DEPRESSION. There is significant overlap between fibromyalgia and the chronic fatigue syndrome (FATIGUE SYNDROME, CHRONIC). Fibromyalgia may arise as a primary or secondary disease process. It is most frequent in females aged 20 to 50 years. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1494-95)

Discrete spots in taut bands of muscle that produce local and referred pain when muscle bands are compressed.

More From BioPortfolio on "Kinesio Taping on Trapezius Trigger Points After Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Pain Disorder
Pain is a feeling (sharp or dull) triggered in the nervous system which can be transient or constant. Pain can be specific to one area of the body eg back, abdomen or chest or more general all over the body eg muscles ache from the flu. Without pain ...

An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...

Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...

Searches Linking to this Trial