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Impact of Neuropsychological Alteration of Patients With Eating Disorders

2019-09-20 03:46:39 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Eating disorders are multifactorial disorders currently conceptualized in a biopsychosocial model, but pathophysiology remains relatively unknown, and robust etiological models to guide treatment are therefore lacking. Different endophenotypes and neurocognitive vulnerability factors have been found in eating disorders including decision making abnormalities. The investigators hypothesize that decision making abnormalities are associated with a lower level of functioning and quality of life which could lead to social and interpersonal difficulties. The investigators also hypothesize that these anomalies are associated with a particular clinical profile (more restrictive profile, more hyperactivity, less insight on the disease and desire for care ...).

Description

The investigators will recruit a total of 200 patients with an eating disorder in the university hospital of Montpellier.

Participation consists of a one-day visit with a multidisciplinary assessment. No action is specific to research. This is the usual management of patients with eating disorders addressed to our department.

Study Design

Conditions

Eating Disorder

Location

Uhmontpellier
Montpellier
France
34295

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Montpellier

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-20T03:46:39-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)

An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.

Little or no appetite for breakfast due to eating more food after dinner than during the meal and eating more than half of daily food intake after dinner hour.

An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)

Tools used in COOKING or EATING such as cutlery, pots, pans, and dishes.

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