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Antibiotic-induced Disruption of the Microbiota

2019-09-20 03:46:42 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The use of antibiotics causes profound changes in the microbiota. However, the magnitude of the effect of intrapartum and early-life antibiotics on the breast milk and the infant oral and intestinal microbiota, and whether effects are only short-term or persist long-term remain uncertain and will be determined in this study.

Description

In this prospective cohort study, the investigators will determine the effect of (i) intrapartum antibiotics on the composition of the breast milk, and the infant oral and intestinal microbiota and antibiotic exposure in the first year of life on the composition of the infant intestinal microbiota (including the development and persistence of antibiotic resistance) and (ii) the association of this disruption with adverse health outcomes. (iii) The investigators will also determine the association between the maternal intestinal microbiota, the breast milk microbiota and the infant oral and intestinal microbiota.

Study Design

Conditions

Microbiota

Intervention

No intervention

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Fribourg

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-20T03:46:42-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transfer of GASTROINTESTINAL MICROBIOTA from one individual to another by infusion of donor FECES to the upper or lower GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT of the recipient.

A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.

A study that uses observations at multiple time points before and after an intervention (the "interruption"), in an attempt to detect whether the intervention has had an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time.

A species of Bifidobacterium present in the human GUT MICROBIOTA. It is used as a PROBIOTIC.

The full collection of microbes (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.) that naturally exist within a particular biological niche such as an organism, soil, a body of water, etc.

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