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The purpose of this research study is to compare two ways of managing pain in people who are taking buprenorphine and are scheduled to undergo surgery. Buprenorphine (subutex) and buprenorphine/naloxone (suboxone) are effective long-term treatments for substance use disorders. The management of pain after surgery in adults taking buprenorphine can be challenging, as buprenorphine may interfere with the effectiveness of other medications used to treat pain.
We want to compare how well pain is managed after surgery ("post-op") in two groups:
The "Continue Group": those who continue taking their standard dose of buprenorphine before, during and after surgery.
The "Reduce Group": those who are placed on a lower dose of buprenorphine starting one day before surgery and during the time period after surgery until the pain from the surgery has decreased. Once the pain from the surgery has decreased, you will be put back on your full dose of buprenorphine.
We also want to find out if there is a difference in pain, opioid cravings, and relapse rates in the month following surgery.
Not yet recruiting
Massachusetts General Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-20T03:46:44-0400
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A pharmaceutical preparation that combines buprenorphine, an OPIOID ANALGESIC with naloxone, a NARCOTIC ANTAGONIST to reduce the potential for NARCOTIC DEPENDENCE in the treatment of pain. It may also be used for OPIATE SUBSTITUTION THERAPY.
A derivative of the opioid alkaloid THEBAINE that is a more potent and longer lasting analgesic than MORPHINE. It appears to act as a partial agonist at mu and kappa opioid receptors and as an antagonist at delta receptors. The lack of delta-agonist activity has been suggested to account for the observation that buprenorphine tolerance may not develop with chronic use.
Medical treatment for opioid dependence using a substitute opiate such as METHADONE or BUPRENORPHINE.
An opioid antagonist with properties similar to those of NALOXONE; in addition it also possesses some agonist properties. It should be used cautiously; levallorphan reverses severe opioid-induced respiratory depression but may exacerbate respiratory depression such as that induced by alcohol or other non-opioid central depressants. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p683)
A specific opiate antagonist that has no agonist activity. It is a competitive antagonist at mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptors.
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Pain is a feeling (sharp or dull) triggered in the nervous system which can be transient or constant. Pain can be specific to one area of the body eg back, abdomen or chest or more general all over the body eg muscles ache from the flu. Without pain ...