Topics

Lifestyle Intervention Feasibility for Arrhythmia and Symptoms With Intermittent Fasting (LIFE AS IF)

2019-09-20 03:46:45 | BioPortfolio

Summary

BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE

Two out of three Americans are overweight and obesity is associated with hypertension, sleep apnea, atrial fibrillation. Metabolic syndrome with centripetal obesity is also a precursor to insulin resistance and the development of Type II diabetes mellitus. While multiple strategies for weight reduction are often recommended in physician visits, calculating calories and energy expenditure is often inconvenient and does not promote compliance. Intermittent fasting, or time-restricted eating, is a methods to limit caloric intake by fasting for 16 hours to promote ketosis and suppress insulin secretion. Weight loss and reduction in body fat has been observed with brief periods of intervention as time-restricted eating results in reduction in overall caloric intake. Prospective feasibility studies and randomized comparative trials with intermittent fasting are lacking.

The investigators recommend caloric restriction in all of our patients that suffer from arrhythmias and BMI >30. However, they have not systematically measured compliance and the efficacy of lifestyle interventions. Lifestyle counseling and weight loss has been shown to decrease the progression and burden of symptomatic atrial fibrillation. Intermittent fasting can result in consistent reductions in body fat and weight without specific lifestyle counseling. The aim of the present observation cohort study is to assess the feasibility of recommending intermittent fasting in an arrhythmia clinic with regard to compliance and efficacy.

The investigators hypothesize that compliance and adherence to a 16/8 intermittent fasting regimen will be >25% and result in weight loss, compared to the 6 month trend prior to the intervention. This pilot study will serve as the basis to power the first randomized trial comparing intermittent fasting with other types of dietary counseling for arrhythmia outcomes.

OBJECTIVES

To prospectively assess compliance to prescribed intermittent fasting, measured by adherence and change in weight at 6 months.

Study Design

Conditions

Obesity

Intervention

Intermittent Fasting

Location

The University of Chicago
Chicago
Illinois
United States
60637

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Chicago

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-20T03:46:45-0400

Clinical Trials [1717 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Intermittent Fasting as a Means to Lose Fluid Overload and Weight in Complicated Obesity

To examine the feasibility of intermittent fasting (36h, twice a week, unlimited salt and calorie-free fluid consumption), over three months, on body weight and composition in complicated ...

Can Intermittent Fasting Mimic the Metabolic and Cardiovascular and Anti-aging Effects of Calorie Restriction?

The purpose of Intermittent Fasting study is to investigate whether intermittent fasting could decrease the chronic inflammation levels in overweight/obese people.

Intermittent Fasting Following Acute Ischemic Stroke

Despite numerous kinds of evidence on functional health and CNS protection of intermittent fasting after injuries were found in many brain-, and spinal cord-damaged animal models, there ha...

Pilot Study on the Impact of the Mediterranean Diet and Intermittent Fasting

This clinical trial attempts to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of an intervention combining intermittent fasting and the Mediterranean diet guidelines vs an comparative interve...

Potential Effects of Intermittent Fasting to Cardiovascular Diseases High-risk Subjects

The survey is designed to investigate whether 8wk of discrete two-day intermittent fasting will impact gut microbiota and oxidative stress of Cardiovascular Diseases High-risk Subjects.

PubMed Articles [3080 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Ramadan diurnal intermittent fasting modulates SOD2, TFAM, Nrf2, and sirtuins (SIRT1, SIRT3) gene expressions in subjects with overweight and obesity.

A growing body of evidence supports the impact of intermittent fasting on normalizing body metabolism and lowering oxidative stress and inflammation. Mounting evidence confirms that oxidative stress a...

Effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting on lipid and lipoprotein parameters: An updated meta-analysis.

This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify several aspects of intermittent fasting during the month of Ramadan on lipid and lipoprotein levels in apparently healthy subjects.

The effects of age and obesity on postprandial dynamics of serum testosterone levels in men.

Guidelines recommend using fasting samples to evaluate testosterone (T) levels in men, as free and total T levels decrease postprandially. However, it is not clear whether these dynamics are affected ...

Intermittent fasting increases adult hippocampal neurogenesis.

Intermittent fasting (IF) has been suggested to have neuroprotective effects through the activation of multiple signaling pathways. Rodents fasted intermittently exhibit enhanced hippocampal neurogene...

Beneficial effects of intermittent fasting on steatosis and inflammation of the liver in mice fed a high-fat or a high-fructose diet.

Intermittent fasting (IF) is a nutritional intervention with significant metabolic effects on the liver that are not yet fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of IF on...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.

An autosomal recessive fructose metabolism disorder due to absent or deficient fructose-1,6-diphosphatase activity. Gluconeogenesis is impaired, resulting in accumulation of gluconeogenic precursors (e.g., amino acids, lactate, ketones) and manifested as hypoglycemia, ketosis, and lactic acidosis. Episodes in the newborn infant are often lethal. Later episodes are often brought on by fasting and febrile infections. As patients age through early childhood, tolerance to fasting improves and development becomes normal.

An intermittent and self-limiting headache disorder in individuals with CEREBROSPINAL FLUID SHUNTS emplaced for the treatment of HYDROCEPHALUS. The symptoms of headache, vomiting, and cranial neuropathies are associated with intermittent obstruction of the shunt.

The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.

Instruments that generate intermittent forces, uniformed or graduated, to facilitate the emptying of VEINS. These devices are used to reduce limb EDEMA and prevent venous THROMBOEMBOLISM, such as deep vein thrombosis in the legs.

More From BioPortfolio on "Lifestyle Intervention Feasibility for Arrhythmia and Symptoms With Intermittent Fasting (LIFE AS IF)"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Obesity
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...

Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic, life-threatening disorder characterized by abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries between the heart and lungs of affected individuals. Symptoms can range from mild breathles...


Searches Linking to this Trial