Use of Oxandrolone to Promote Growth in Infants With HLHS

2019-09-20 03:46:46 | BioPortfolio


The primary aim of this study is to determine if clinically relevant doses of buccally administered oxandrolone are safe and tolerable in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) or other single right ventricular anomalies who have undergone a Norwood procedure. The secondary aim is to evaluate the efficacy of buccally administered oxandrolone in improving objective indices of growth and nutrition in neonates who have undergone a Norwood procedure.


The proposed investigation is a Phase I/II randomized trial of 28 days of open label oxandrolone vs. no oxandrolone treatment to assess optimal dosing, safety/tolerability, and preliminary efficacy of this therapy in post-Norwood neonates with HLHS. Control subjects will receive standard therapy with no placebo and no oxandrolone.

This trial is aimed at cumulative dose finding as well as a preliminary assessment of safety/tolerability and efficacy. The design and dosing are based upon preliminary phase I data obtained as part of an ongoing protocol under IND #107706. This trial will initially include two arms (control and 0.1 mg/kg oxandrolone BID). This initial oxandrolone dose was chosen based on the preliminary data collected in the background studies conducted for this trial. There were no adverse safety outcomes in the small cohort of subjects receiving 0.1 mg/kg of oxandrolone BID.

In Cohort 1, subjects will be block randomized into each arm in a 1:4 (control to oxandrolone) ratio. An interim analysis of the safety data will be performed after the first 25 subjects in Cohort 1 have been randomized and have completed 28 days of oxandrolone therapy or observation (control group). If there are no significant differences in the primary safely/tolerability outcome and safety reviews are favorable for BID dosing, then Cohort 2 (25 subjects) will be randomized in a 1:4 ratio to the control and TID dosing arms. A similar interim analysis will be performed after Cohort 2 subjects have been randomized and completed 28 days of oxandrolone therapy. Enrollment will again be suspended during this second interim analysis to determine if dose escalation is warranted. Cohort 3A, utilizing 0.15 mg/kg oxandrolone TID would be possible if both Cohorts 1 (0.1 mg/kg BID) and 2 (0.1 mg/kg/dose TID) do not demonstrate any differences in the primary safety/tolerability outcome compared to controls and safety reviews are favorable (Figure 4). If the safety threshold is crossed, then a dose of 0.1 mg/kg/dose BID will be used for cohort 3B. An interim safety analysis will be performed after 25 subjects have been enrolled in this highest dosing arm. If at any point a risk-benefit balance in any cohort is found to be negative, then further enrollment will proceed at the lower dosing arm determined to be safe/tolerable based on the primary outcome and safety review with a 1:4 control:oxandrolone ratio and a total subject number of 100.

If the second interim safety analysis leads to the conclusion that the lower dose (0.1 mg/kg oxandrolone BID) appears to be safe and well tolerated, while the higher dose (0.1 mg/kg oxandrolone TID) is not, then the enrollment will proceed in the 0.1 mg/kg BID arm with a 1:4 ratio. If the lowest dose of oxandrolone (0.1 mg/kg BID) is found to be unsafe, then the trial will be stopped. The benefit of this approach lies in the ability to allocate patients to the highest safe dose arm thus enriching the relevance of safety/tolerability and efficacy information obtained. A higher-dose treatment arm will be used if the data reveal the initial treatment arm is not different from control with regards to the primary outcome. If no safety/tolerability effect is demonstrated, the trial will, by design, function as a randomized, controlled trial with dose-escalation. It is anticipated that the study will conclude with approximately 80 oxandrolone patients (in up to three dosing arms) and 20 control patients.

Study Design


Hypoplastic Left Heart




Not yet recruiting


New England Research Institutes

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-20T03:46:46-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition caused by underdevelopment of the whole left half of the heart. It is characterized by hypoplasia of the left cardiac chambers (HEART ATRIUM; HEART VENTRICLE), the AORTA, the AORTIC VALVE, and the MITRAL VALVE. Severe symptoms appear in early infancy when DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS closes.

A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.

A set of surgical procedures performed to establish sufficient outflow to the systemic circulation in individuals with univentricular congenital heart malformations, such as HYPOPLASTIC LEFT HEART SYNDROME, and MITRAL VALVE atresia, associated with systemic outflow obstruction. Follow-on surgeries may be performed and consist of a HEMI-FONTAN PROCEDURE as the stage 2 Norwood procedure and a FONTAN PROCEDURE as the stage 3 Norwood procedure.

The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.

A malformation of the heart in which the embryonic common PULMONARY VEIN was not incorporated into the LEFT ATRIUM leaving behind a perforated fibromuscular membrane bisecting the left atrium, a three-atrium heart. The opening between the two left atrium sections determines the degree of obstruction to pulmonary venous return, pulmonary venous and pulmonary arterial hypertension.

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