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Study of the IgA Repertoire During IgA Deposition Nephropathy.

2019-09-23 04:51:46 | BioPortfolio

Summary

IgA plays a major role in mucosal and systemic immunity but retains mysterious and ambivalent aspects. They can thus, depending on the situation, prove to be capable of triggering either a protective inflammatory response or, on the contrary, anti-inflammatory and inducing tolerance. Similarly, and for reasons that remain very poorly understood, they can be involved in pathologies where the immune system is itself an aggressor of the body and responsible for immunopathological lesions.

The investigator formulates the hypothesis that an inappropriate response of the mucosal immune system to one or more antigens leads to a synthesis of IgA of bad affinity favoring a deposit at the level of the mesangium. It seems important to verify this point by analyzing the IgA repertory of patients with N-IgA and comparing it to that of a control population.

Description

IgA plays a major role in mucosal and systemic immunity but retains mysterious and ambivalent aspects. They can thus, depending on the situation, prove to be capable of triggering either a protective inflammatory response or, on the contrary, anti-inflammatory and inducing tolerance. Similarly, and for reasons that remain very poorly understood, they can be involved in pathologies where the immune system is itself an aggressor of the body and responsible for immunopathological lesions.

the investigator formulates the hypothesis that an inappropriate response of the mucosal immune system to one or more antigens leads to a synthesis of IgA of bad affinity favoring a deposit at the level of the mesangium. It seems important to verify this point by analyzing the IgA repertory of patients with N-IgA and comparing it to that of a control population.

Study Design

Conditions

Glomerulonephritis, IGA

Intervention

blood sample

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Limoges

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-23T04:51:46-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Glomerulonephritis associated with autoimmune disease SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS. Lupus nephritis is histologically classified into 6 classes: class I - normal glomeruli, class II - pure mesangial alterations, class III - focal segmental glomerulonephritis, class IV - diffuse glomerulonephritis, class V - diffuse membranous glomerulonephritis, and class VI - advanced sclerosing glomerulonephritis (The World Health Organization classification 1982).

The fraction of a blood sample, following CENTRIFUGATION, that is distinguished as a thin light-colored layer between the RED BLOOD CELLS, underneath it, and the PLASMA, above it. It is composed mostly of WHITE BLOOD CELLS and PLATELETS.

The number of RED BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD.

The number of LEUKOCYTES and ERYTHROCYTES per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD. A complete blood count (CBC) also includes measurement of the HEMOGLOBIN; HEMATOCRIT; and ERYTHROCYTE INDICES.

A chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly IMMUNOGLOBULIN A in the mesangial area (GLOMERULAR MESANGIUM). Deposits of COMPLEMENT C3 and IMMUNOGLOBULIN G are also often found. Clinical features may progress from asymptomatic HEMATURIA to END-STAGE KIDNEY DISEASE.

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