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Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) is one of the four major types of leukemia which is common in both children and adolescents; however, it is the most common pediatric malignancy diagnosed in children younger than 20 years .The disease pathogenesis results from blockade at any stages of normal lymphoid differentiation with uncontrolled proliferation of lymphoid cells. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) definition, ALL is categorized in B-Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-ALL) And T-Lymphoblastic Leukemia (T-ALL), originated from B- and T-Lineage lymphoid precursor cells, respectively.
Proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes are the most important genes involved in leukemogenesis , which their alterations disrupt normal regulatory processes such as self-renewal, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis in target cells. Among those genes FoxO3a gene and PU.1 gene.
FoxO(Fork head box ,class O) transcription factors function as a tumor suppressor gene and are important for stem cell maintenance.They are key regulators of the cellular differentiation, growth, survival, cell cycle, metabolism, and cellular stress. There are four members of the foxO transcription factors in humans : foxO1, foxO3a, foxO4, foxO6 .FoxO3a is expressed in various tissues including B - and T-lymphoid cells. Over expression of FoxO3a in B and T cell lines induces cell cycle arrest in G1 phase , so it inhibits cell proliferation . FoxO3a is an important target of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway,which is hyperactivated in various types of cancers .Hyperactivation of this pathway in leukemia leads to inactivation of foxO3a in leukemic cells and enhances tumor growth .
PU .1(Purine-rich box 1) is a member of the E26 transformation-specific (ETS) Family . Normal hematopoiesis is securely controlled by asmall number of lineage-specific transcription factors, so that the disturbed expression or function of this group may be involved in the development of leukemia . PU.1 plays an important role in hematopiotic stem cell (HSC) self renewal and in myeloid and B-lymphoid differentiation. It controls the expression of several genes involved in hematopoiesis.
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
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Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-23T04:51:47-0400
To study the genomics with cell cycle and lymphocyte differentiation in disease, remission and relapse of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Then correlate these data with age, white ...
Study of Standard Maintenance POMP/D Plus Ixazomib Maintenance Therapy in Adult Patients With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Lymphoblastic Lymphoma or Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia in Complete Remission (CR)
This phase I trial will use a continual reassessment method (CRM) design with cohorts of three patients without intrapatient dose escalation. A maximum sample size of 18 patients will be e...
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia , also known as acute lymphocytic leukemia, characterized by the overproduction and accumulation of cancerous, immature white blood cells, known as lymphoblast...
RATIONALE: Determination of genetic markers for acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute promyelocytic leukemia may help identify patients with this disease and help predict the outcome of t...
Clofarabine (injection) is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of pediatric patients 1 to 21 years old with relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who...
The present study aimed to identify the molecular mechanism of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and explore valuable prognostic biomarkers for relapsed ALL.
The article presents results of assessment of seasonal dynamics of morbidity rate of acute lymphoblastic leukemia among population younger than 29 years old in Azerbaijan. The materials of Scientific ...
Thromboembolism is a serious toxicity of acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment, and contributes to substantial morbidity and mortality. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms have been associated wi...
Our previous studies have demonstrated that a previously unrecognized role of CFTR in hematopoiesis and acute leukemia. Here, we show that CFTR inhibitor CFTR-inh172 possesses ability to inhibit human...
TRANSPLANTATION IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA FROM A MATCHED DONOR VERSUS AN HLA-IDENTICAL SIBLING: IS THE OUTCOME COMPARABLE? RESULTS FROM THE INTERNATIONAL BFM ALL SCT 2007 STUDY.
Eligibility criteria for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) vary according to disease characteristics, response to treatment and type of available dono...
A tyrosine kinase inhibitor and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that inhibits the BCR-ABL kinase created by chromosome rearrangements in CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA and ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA, as well as PDG-derived tyrosine kinases that are overexpressed in gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
A pyrimidine nucleoside analog that is used mainly in the treatment of leukemia, especially acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia. Cytarabine is an antimetabolite antineoplastic agent that inhibits the synthesis of DNA. Its actions are specific for the S phase of the cell cycle. It also has antiviral and immunosuppressant properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p472)
Conditions in which the abnormalities in the peripheral blood or bone marrow represent the early manifestations of acute leukemia, but in which the changes are not of sufficient magnitude or specificity to permit a diagnosis of acute leukemia by the usual clinical criteria.
Enzyme that is a major constituent of kidney brush-border membranes and is also present to a lesser degree in the brain and other tissues. It preferentially catalyzes cleavage at the amino group of hydrophobic residues of the B-chain of insulin as well as opioid peptides and other biologically active peptides. The enzyme is inhibited primarily by EDTA, phosphoramidon, and thiorphan and is reactivated by zinc. Neprilysin is identical to common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen (CALLA Antigen), an important marker in the diagnosis of human acute lymphocytic leukemia. There is no relationship with CALLA PLANT.
An acute myeloid leukemia in which 20-30% of the bone marrow or peripheral blood cells are of megakaryocyte lineage. MYELOFIBROSIS or increased bone marrow RETICULIN is common.
Leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal increase of immature white blood cells called "blasts". Leukemia is a broad term covering a spectrum of diseases. In turn, it is part of the even broader grou...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...