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The cochlear implant (CI) is the most important progress in the treatment for adults and children with severe to profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who do not receive adequa¬te benefit from hearing aids and making possible better results in auditory, linguistic, social and academic development.
Tomblin JB et al.1997, Svirsky MA, 2004 reported that the early restoration of auditory ability by cochlear implants significantly improve the commu¬nication skills, albeit with varied results. Thoutenhoofd E 2005 concluded that while most children with cochlear implants become able to attend school regularly, other remain with significantly limited verbal communication skills
Earlier implantation for children with a congenital profound hearing loss appeared to provide improved potential for developing speech perception. which improved steadily with implant experience.
The speech perception can be defined as the process of imposing a meaningful perceptual experience from meaningless speech input, wich may be thought of involving a number of components as: detection, discrimination, identification, attention, memory and closure .
In the field of aural rehabilitation, speech perception assessment has an important and a critical role to select the signal processing strategy, to adjust the signal processor and to determine if appropriate benefit has been achived .
Young children,being considered apart of the language limited,difficult-to test population, efforts were directed towards construction of special hearing test to suit their reduced verbal language(Mc Lauchlin,1980).
The early speech test(EST) is one of these tests,which use low -verbal materials.
The early speech test is one of the closed-set response speech discrimination tests,using object identification technique.It was carefully designed for estimation of speech perception abilities in very young children who have extremely low verbal abilities.
Most studies on the impact of cochlear implants have focused on clinical assessments of efficacy (hearing and speech skills, and auditory thresholds). It is not clear how much clinical measures of efficacy (speech, hearing, and language measures) truly show the effectiveness of cochlear implants in general contexts (such as performance at home, at school, and in social settings). Vidas S et al 1992 reported that there is evidence that clinical assessment results do not correlate with performance in unstructured settings, these measures are only part for assessments of cochlear implant efficacy.
There are questionnaires that investigate the expectations of parents (Thoutenhoofd E 2005, Vaccari C, Marschark M. 1997, Spilker B, Revicki D.1996) their satisfaction level with implant, the stresses in this process8, and cochlear implant user and family quality of life .
- The Meaningful Use of Speech Scale (MUSS) questionnaire was used to analyze and measure speech skills (Nascimento et al 1997)and allows the examiner to evaluate a child skills in meaningful real world situation.
Hearing Impaired Children
Early speech perception test
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Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-23T04:51:48-0400
Hearing loss is one of the most common congenital anomalies. Early Intervention at or before 6 months of age allows a child with impaired hearing to develop normal speech and language.Audi...
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In this study, the investigators are testing whether cognitive training can lead to improvements in speech perception for individuals with hearing loss. Individuals will complete 20 hours ...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether speech recognition in noise can be improved by the addition of a special listening program to the sound processor. Thus we propose to asse...
This paper presents evidence for a strong connection between the development of speech and language skills and musical activities of children and adolescents with hearing impairment and/or cochlear im...
Purpose The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate whether preschool- and early school-age children with speech sound disorders (SSDs) have difficulties ...
The goal of the present study was to compare the extent to which children with hearing loss and children with normal hearing benefit from mismatches in target/masker sex in the context of speech-in-sp...
Purpose This study explores the role of overt and covert contrasts in speech perception by children with speech sound disorder (SSD). Method Three groups of preschool-aged children (typically developi...
The development of auditory and speech perception ability of children with hearing loss is affected by many factors after they undergo cochlear implantation (CI). Age at CI (CI age) appears to play an...
Tests of accuracy in pronouncing speech sounds, e.g., Iowa Pressure Articulation Test, Deep Test of Articulation, Templin-Darley Tests of Articulation, Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation, Screening Speech Articulation Test, Arizona Articulation Proficiency Scale.
Utilization of all available receptive and expressive modes for the purpose of achieving communication with the hearing impaired, such as gestures, postures, facial expression, types of voice, formal speech and non-speech systems, and simultaneous communication.
A professional society concerned with the diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and remediation of speech, language, and hearing disorders.
Acquired or developmental cognitive disorders of AUDITORY PERCEPTION characterized by a reduced ability to perceive information contained in auditory stimuli despite intact auditory pathways. Affected individuals have difficulty with speech perception, sound localization, and comprehending the meaning of inflections of speech.
A projective test used to evaluate a broad range of personality variables including pathology of thought and perception. The subject's responses to inkblot prints are scored along with subjective interpretation by the test administrator.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Hearing, auditory perception, or audition is the ability to perceive sound by detecting vibrations, changes in the pressure of the surrounding medium through time, through an organ such as the ear. Sound may be heard through solid, liquid, or gaseous mat...
Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...