Pentoxifylline Augmentation in Schizophrenia

2019-09-24 05:27:36 | BioPortfolio


The aim of this study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pentoxifylline, the novel phosphodiesterase inhibitor, as an adjunctive to risperidone in alleviating the negative symptoms of schizophrenia.

This study aims to examine the efficacy of pentoxifylline, the novel phosphodiesterase inhibitor, in a sample of moderately ill outpatients with early-course schizophrenia. The investigators hypothesize that as compared to placebo a 2-month treatment with pentoxifylline in 120 volunteers with early-course schizophrenia will result in a more significant improvement in psychopathology (primary outcome) and cognitive symptoms (secondary outcome). In addition, cytokine plasma levels will be used as another secondary outcome measure to see if treatment-induced changes in total PANSS score are associated with changes in cytokine levels.


there is some evidence for the role of phosphodiesterase (PDE) signaling system in pathophysiology of schizophrenia making this system a potential target for therapeutic agents. PDEs are a family of enzymes that hydrolyse cyclic nucleotides and thus play a key role in regulating intracellular levels of the second messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate. Pentoxifylline (PTX) is a methylated xanthine derivative and a PDE inhibitor that is FDA-approved for the treatment of patients with intermittent claudication on the basis of chronic occlusive arterial disease of the limbs. It is known to inhibit platelet aggregation, increase erythrocyte flexibility or deformability, and reduce blood viscosity. The rationale for its use in schizophrenia is that it competitively inhibits PDEs, resulting in increased cAMP levels, the activation of protein kinase A (PKA), the inhibition of IL and TNF-α synthesis, and reduced inflammation. Furthermore, there is growing evidence to support the inflammatory hypothesis of schizophrenia, the investigators will also explore whether cytokine levels mediate the response from pentoxifylline treatment.

Study Design




Placebo oral tablet, Pentoxifylline


Faculty of Medicine




Sadat City University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-24T05:27:36-0400

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