Relationship Between Lymph Node Ratio and Survival Rate in Preoperative Chemoradiation Rectal Cancer Patients

2019-09-25 06:13:36 | BioPortfolio


Colorectal cancer is the most-common cancer of the gastrointestinal tract. The number of positive lymph nodes and total number of lymph nodes retrieved are important prognostic factors. In patients who do not receive preoperative chemoradiation, the total number of lymph nodes should be more than 12 nodes to predict accurate staging. In cases of locally-advanced rectal cancer when patients receive neoadjuvant chemoradiation it is sometimes impossible to retrieve adequate amount of lymph nodes due to the chemoradiation effect. Therefore, this study was to evaluate and predict survival rates based on positive lymph node ratio.


The primary endpoint of this study was to assess the lymph node ratio as another predictor for survival rate in preoperative chemoradiation rectal cancer patients. The other secondary objective was to determine the relationship between total harvested lymph nodes and survival rate in each stage. This is a retrospective, single-centered study, collecting data of patients from January 2011 to December 2017. Including a total of 163 patients with rectal cancer who underwent surgery following neoadjuvant chemoradiation. Using Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis to determine whether the lymph node ratio can be used to predict the survival rate and determine the cut-off value to distinguish the prognosis of the disease.

Study Design


Rectal Cancer


Chairat Supsamutchai




Mahidol University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-25T06:13:36-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the RECTUM.

A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)

A compound tubular gland, located around the eyes and nasal passages in marine animals and birds, the physiology of which figures in water-electrolyte balance. The Pekin duck serves as a common research animal in salt gland studies. A rectal gland or rectal salt gland in the dogfish shark is attached at the junction of the intestine and cloaca and aids the kidneys in removing excess salts from the blood. (Storer, Usinger, Stebbins & Nybakken: General Zoology, 6th ed, p658)

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A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

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