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PEACE study retrospectively evaluate patients who suffered an out-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and who underwent a coronary angiography, enrolled in the registry of the Province of Pavia (Italy), Ticino Region (Switzerland), Wien region (Austria) and Nicosia area (Cyprus) to comprehend the best timing for post-ROSC ECG acquisition in order to reduce the number of false positive and to select the best candidates for emergency coronary angiography.
Twelve leads electrocardiogram (ECG) represents an essential step of the diagnostic workflow after ROSC as stated by both the European and the American guidelines. Actually about 80% of patients showing an ST segment elevation after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) have a coronary lesion documented by coronary angiography. In those patients, early coronary angiography has been shown to improve survival with good neurologic outcome. More controversial is the scene for patients without an ST segment elevation. Even in the absence of ST segment elevation an acute coronary syndrome can be at the basis of cardiac arrest. However, the prognostic role of early coronary angiography in such patients is still a matter of debate. In 2014 a consensus document by the European Association for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) recommended elevation to consider early coronary angiography only in the case of hemodynamic instability or of recurrent ventricular arrhythmias for patients without ST segment as in the case of NSTEMI patients without cardiac arrest. At the light of these considerations the correct diagnosis of ST segment elevation is of pivotal importance for the right treatment in the right time and in the right hospital for this type of patients. Moreover, during cardiac arrest and during resuscitation the heart is suffering of ischemia deriving both from a coronary occlusion if present and from low systemic perfusion. Post-ROSC ECG could reflect both these types of ischemia, so the ST elevation could be not specific for a coronary occlusion. However, some time after ROSC, in case of absence of a coronary occlusion, the heart perfusion should improve, the ischemia should decrease and the ST segment elevation should regress. Nevertheless, current guidelines do not provide any indication about the best timing for ECG acquisition after ROSC. We believe that address this issue could be important in order to correctly discriminate the appropriate candidate for emergency coronary angiography in the post-ROSC phase of a cardiac arrest.
A preliminary analysis performed on a population of patients suffering an OHCA in the Province of Pavia supported this hypothesis. It was pointed out that early detection of ST segment elevation, within ten minutes from ROSC, was associated to a high number of false positives that is to say patients without an identifiable coronary culprit lesion. ST segment elevation was found to be an independent predictor of coronary angioplasty only if detected after ten minutes from ROSC.
The PEACE study aimed to confirm our preliminary results on a larger and multicentric sample of post ROSC patients.
Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Active, not recruiting
IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-25T06:13:36-0400
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Occurrence of heart arrest in an individual when there is no immediate access to medical personnel or equipment.
The omission of atrial activation that is caused by transient cessation of impulse generation at the SINOATRIAL NODE. It is characterized by a prolonged pause without P wave in an ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. Sinus arrest has been associated with sleep apnea (REM SLEEP-RELATED SINUS ARREST).
Cessation of heart beat or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. If it is treated within a few minutes, heart arrest can be reversed in most cases to normal cardiac rhythm and effective circulation.
A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.
The hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of diagnostic and therapeutic services for the cardiac patient.
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