Topics

Post-ROSC Electrocardiogram After Cardiac arrEst

2019-09-25 06:13:36 | BioPortfolio

Summary

PEACE study retrospectively evaluate patients who suffered an out-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and who underwent a coronary angiography, enrolled in the registry of the Province of Pavia (Italy), Ticino Region (Switzerland), Wien region (Austria) and Nicosia area (Cyprus) to comprehend the best timing for post-ROSC ECG acquisition in order to reduce the number of false positive and to select the best candidates for emergency coronary angiography.

Description

Twelve leads electrocardiogram (ECG) represents an essential step of the diagnostic workflow after ROSC as stated by both the European and the American guidelines. Actually about 80% of patients showing an ST segment elevation after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) have a coronary lesion documented by coronary angiography. In those patients, early coronary angiography has been shown to improve survival with good neurologic outcome. More controversial is the scene for patients without an ST segment elevation. Even in the absence of ST segment elevation an acute coronary syndrome can be at the basis of cardiac arrest. However, the prognostic role of early coronary angiography in such patients is still a matter of debate. In 2014 a consensus document by the European Association for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) recommended elevation to consider early coronary angiography only in the case of hemodynamic instability or of recurrent ventricular arrhythmias for patients without ST segment as in the case of NSTEMI patients without cardiac arrest. At the light of these considerations the correct diagnosis of ST segment elevation is of pivotal importance for the right treatment in the right time and in the right hospital for this type of patients. Moreover, during cardiac arrest and during resuscitation the heart is suffering of ischemia deriving both from a coronary occlusion if present and from low systemic perfusion. Post-ROSC ECG could reflect both these types of ischemia, so the ST elevation could be not specific for a coronary occlusion. However, some time after ROSC, in case of absence of a coronary occlusion, the heart perfusion should improve, the ischemia should decrease and the ST segment elevation should regress. Nevertheless, current guidelines do not provide any indication about the best timing for ECG acquisition after ROSC. We believe that address this issue could be important in order to correctly discriminate the appropriate candidate for emergency coronary angiography in the post-ROSC phase of a cardiac arrest.

A preliminary analysis performed on a population of patients suffering an OHCA in the Province of Pavia supported this hypothesis. It was pointed out that early detection of ST segment elevation, within ten minutes from ROSC, was associated to a high number of false positives that is to say patients without an identifiable coronary culprit lesion. ST segment elevation was found to be an independent predictor of coronary angioplasty only if detected after ten minutes from ROSC.

The PEACE study aimed to confirm our preliminary results on a larger and multicentric sample of post ROSC patients.

Study Design

Conditions

Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-25T06:13:36-0400

Clinical Trials [1500 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Epidemiology and Cost-effectiveness of Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Finland

Observational study of all out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during 6 months in regional areas of Helsinki University Hospital and Kuopio University Hospital from activation of EMS system unt...

A Randomised Trial of Expedited Transfer to a Cardiac Arrest Centre for Non-ST Elevation Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest

The aim of ARREST is to determine the best post-resuscitation care pathway for out of hospital cardiac arrest patients without ST-segment elevation. The investigators propose that changes ...

Korean Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation Consortium

This study will evaluated the epidemiology and the outcomes of patients suffering out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with presumed cardiac etiology in Korea.

Free Iron and Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Out of hospital cardiac arrest is associated with a poor prognosis. The aim of this study is to provide a better understanding of perturbations of iron metabolism after cardiac arrest and ...

Resuscitative Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta in Non-traumatic Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest

The primary aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility and complications of inserting a REBOA-catheter to patients suffering from non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, by ...

PubMed Articles [8346 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Epidemiology of pre-hospital outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Queensland, Australia.

To describe incidence in pre-hospital outcomes of adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) of presumed cardiac aetiology, attended by Queensland Ambulance Service (QAS) paramedics between 2002 and ...

Community first responders for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in adults and children.

Mobilization of community first responders (CFRs) to the scene of an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) event has been proposed as a means of shortening the interval from occurrence of cardiac arre...

The Cardiac Arrest Survival Score: A Predictive Algorithm for In-Hospital Mortality after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with high mortality. Current methods for predicting mortality post-arrest require data unavailable at the time of initial medical contact. We create...

Cardiac output, heart rate and stroke volume during targeted temperature management after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Association with mortality and cause of death.

Myocardial dysfunction and low cardiac index are common after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) as part of the post-cardiac arrest syndrome. This study investigates the association of cardiac inde...

Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Patients With Psychiatric Disorders - Characteristics and Outcomes.

To investigate whether the recent improvements in pre-hospital cardiac arrest-management and survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) also apply to OHCA patients with psychiatric disor...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Occurrence of heart arrest in an individual when there is no immediate access to medical personnel or equipment.

The omission of atrial activation that is caused by transient cessation of impulse generation at the SINOATRIAL NODE. It is characterized by a prolonged pause without P wave in an ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. Sinus arrest has been associated with sleep apnea (REM SLEEP-RELATED SINUS ARREST).

Cessation of heart beat or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. If it is treated within a few minutes, heart arrest can be reversed in most cases to normal cardiac rhythm and effective circulation.

A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.

The hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of diagnostic and therapeutic services for the cardiac patient.

More From BioPortfolio on "Post-ROSC Electrocardiogram After Cardiac arrEst"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Radiology
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...

Mergers & Acquisitions
Commercial and market reports on mergers and acquisitions in the biotechnology, pharmaceutical, medical device and life-science industries. Mergers and acquisitions (abbreviated M&A;) is an aspect of corporate strategy, corporate finance and manageme...

Cardiology
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine.  Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...


Searches Linking to this Trial