A Trial That Compare Two Treatments in Newly Diagnosed Myeloma Patients Not Eligible for Transplant

2019-09-25 06:13:36 | BioPortfolio


The combination of lenalidomide plus low-dose dexamethasone (Rd) is considered the new standard for elderly newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients. The combination carfilzomib plus lenalidomide-dexamethasone (KRd) in relapsed-refractory MM patients improved the progression-free survival (PFS) of approximately 1 year compared to standard Rd treatment. In a small phase 2 trial (23 pts) the KRd combination in elderly NDMM pts showed a complete response (CR) rate of 79% and a PFS at 3 years of 80%. Cardiovascular adverse events are the most limiting toxicities, especially in elderly patients.


This protocol is a randomized, multicenter study designed to determine the MRD negativity and the PFS of KRd treatment regimen.

Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive carfilzomib-lenalidomide-dexamethasone (KRd - Arm A) or lenalidomide-dexamethasone (Rd - Arm B).

Patients will be stratified basing on international staging system (ISS) and fitness status using a web-based procedure completely concealed to study participants.

All consecutive patients ≥ 65 years with newly diagnosed MM will be enrolled in a large randomized study during a period of 24 months.

Patients will be treated until disease progression or intolerance to the therapy. The only exception is for patients enrolled in KRd arm who achieve at least a VGPR during the first year of treatment and in sustained MRD negativity (MRD negative at least at 10-5 after one and two years of therapy): these patients will stop carfilzomib administration after 2 years, whereas treatment with lenalidomide and dexamethasone will be continued.

Study Design


Multiple Myeloma


Carfilzomib, Lenalidomide, Dexamethasone






Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-25T06:13:36-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An asymptomatic and slow-growing PLASMA CELL dyscrasia characterized by presence of MYELOMA PROTEINS and clonal bone marrow plasma cells without end-organ damage (e.g., renal impairment). It is distinguished from MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE by a much higher risk of progression to symptomatic MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.

Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

An abnormal protein with unusual thermosolubility characteristics that is found in the urine of patients with MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

A pyrazine and boronic acid derivative that functions as a reversible PROTEASOME INHIBITOR. It is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT in the treatment of MULTIPLE MYELOMA and MANTLE CELL LYMPHOMA.

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