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A Trial That Compare Two Treatments in Newly Diagnosed Myeloma Patients Not Eligible for Transplant

2019-09-25 06:13:36 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The combination of lenalidomide plus low-dose dexamethasone (Rd) is considered the new standard for elderly newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients. The combination carfilzomib plus lenalidomide-dexamethasone (KRd) in relapsed-refractory MM patients improved the progression-free survival (PFS) of approximately 1 year compared to standard Rd treatment. In a small phase 2 trial (23 pts) the KRd combination in elderly NDMM pts showed a complete response (CR) rate of 79% and a PFS at 3 years of 80%. Cardiovascular adverse events are the most limiting toxicities, especially in elderly patients.

Description

This protocol is a randomized, multicenter study designed to determine the MRD negativity and the PFS of KRd treatment regimen.

Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive carfilzomib-lenalidomide-dexamethasone (KRd - Arm A) or lenalidomide-dexamethasone (Rd - Arm B).

Patients will be stratified basing on international staging system (ISS) and fitness status using a web-based procedure completely concealed to study participants.

All consecutive patients ≥ 65 years with newly diagnosed MM will be enrolled in a large randomized study during a period of 24 months.

Patients will be treated until disease progression or intolerance to the therapy. The only exception is for patients enrolled in KRd arm who achieve at least a VGPR during the first year of treatment and in sustained MRD negativity (MRD negative at least at 10-5 after one and two years of therapy): these patients will stop carfilzomib administration after 2 years, whereas treatment with lenalidomide and dexamethasone will be continued.

Study Design

Conditions

Multiple Myeloma

Intervention

Carfilzomib, Lenalidomide, Dexamethasone

Location

FO.NE.SA.Onlus
Torino
Italy
10126

Status

Recruiting

Source

Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-25T06:13:36-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An asymptomatic and slow-growing PLASMA CELL dyscrasia characterized by presence of MYELOMA PROTEINS and clonal bone marrow plasma cells without end-organ damage (e.g., renal impairment). It is distinguished from MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE by a much higher risk of progression to symptomatic MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.

Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

An abnormal protein with unusual thermosolubility characteristics that is found in the urine of patients with MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

A pyrazine and boronic acid derivative that functions as a reversible PROTEASOME INHIBITOR. It is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT in the treatment of MULTIPLE MYELOMA and MANTLE CELL LYMPHOMA.

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