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Watch-and-wait strategy in rectal cancer is gaining momentum. There is a large variability in reporting the proportion of patients achieving clinical complete response (cCR) after routinely delivered preoperative radio(chemo)therapy, likely because of patients' selection. This proportion in population-based level is poorly defined. In addition, predictive factors for cCR are also poorly defined. It is known that cCR response is observed often in small tumours. However, cCR proportion in large cancers has not been sufficiently evaluated. For example, even though pathological complete response (pCR) does occur in large fixed cancer, it is unknown whether cCR does also occur because persistent fibrous stroma may mimic residual cancer in all of such cases.
This is a prospective observational population-based cohort study on low rectal cancer to answer the question of how often clinical or near-clinical tumour response occur after routinely delivered preoperative radiotherapy in relation to the pre-treatment tumour characteristics. The additional question was how often pCR occur in relation to the pre-treatment tumour characteristics in the patients managed by total mesorectal excision because of persistent tumour after radiotherapy. The additional aim was the implementation of watch-and-wait strategy or full-thickness local excision (as an option instead of total mesorectal excision in the patients with sustained near-cCR) within a frame of a prospective study. In the patients managed by organ preservation, the secondary outcome measures were: i) local regrowth rate, ii) effectiveness of salvage surgery, iii) disease-free survival at 3 years and overall survival at 5 years, iv) anorectal function.
Maria Skłodowska-Curie Institute - Oncology Center
Maria Sklodowska-Curie Institute - Oncology Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-24T05:27:26-0400
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Tumors or cancer of the RECTUM.
Electromagnetic waves with frequencies between about 3 kilohertz (very low frequency - VLF) and 300,000 megahertz (extremely high frequency - EHF). They are used in television and radio broadcasting, land and satellite communications systems, radionavigation, radiolocation, and DIATHERMY. The highest frequency radio waves are MICROWAVES.
The use of focused short radio waves to produce local hyperthermia in an injured person or diseased body area.
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A genus of gram-negative, curved or straight rod-shaped bacteria, in the family ALTEROMONADACEAE. They are chemo-organotrophic, halophilic, and associated with cold marine habitats.
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Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) uses the ability of DNA polymerase (enzymes that create DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides, the building blocks of DNA. These enzymes are essential to DNA replication and usually work in pairs to create two ident...
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