The Effectiveness of Neurofeedback for the Treatment of Chronic Pain

2019-09-26 05:42:45 | BioPortfolio


This study evaluates the effectiveness of neurofeedback (teaching participants to gain control over their own brainwaves) in chronic pain. The study is made up of four pilot studies. Participants who take part will undergo the cold pressor test, submerging their hand in cold water in order to simulate chronic pain. Brain activity will be measured using electroencephalography (EEG).


Chronic pain is a persisting pain which often exists in the absence of detectable tissue damage. It is also associated with feelings of depression, anxiety, and despair. Current treatments for chronic pain usually involves drug treatments, which often has unwanted side effects.

This study aims to assess the effectiveness of neurofeedback, which refers to teaching participants to gain control over their own brainwaves, as an intervention to treat chronic pain. It is believed that by teaching participants to gain control over a brain signal associated with pain resilience, the participant can reduce some of the negative effects associated with chronic pain.

Participants who take part in this study will have their brain activity recorded using electroencephalography (EEG), and have pain elicited using the cold pressor test (CPT), which involves the participant submerging their wrist in cold water to elicit a chronic pain-like sensation. This is a safe, regularly used method, and the participant is free to remove their hand early if the pain becomes too great.

Some participants who take part will undergo neurofeedback training, which will involve them viewing a signal associated with pain resilience, and learning to increase it over multiple sessions.

Study Design


Chronic Pain




Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust
Greater Manchester
United Kingdom
M6 8HD




University of Manchester

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-26T05:42:45-0400

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