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Group Based Parent Training for Children With Autism and Disruptive Behaviors

2019-09-26 05:42:45 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The goal of the study is to providing parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and disruptive behaviors essential skills to manage their children's behaviors using an evidence based parent training protocol. Beyond the feasibility of delivering an evidence based intervention in groups and with community partners, primary and secondary outcomes in both the children and the parents who participated in the study are assessed during and after the intervention process

Description

the investigators will deliver parent-mediated, community-implemented, group intervention for parents of young children with autism and disruptive behavior. The intervention is 11-12 weeks and will take place in community settings such as special education schools and community centers.

Within these meetings parents will be given the skills to understand their child's behavior and work to modify those that are clinically disruptive to the child and their environment.

Groups will be facilitated by student therapists under direct weekly supervision of a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA). Data will be collected before, after, and throughout the intervention, primarily by parent-report with one teacher-report measure and two (pre/post) filmed parent-child interactions.

The primary desired outcome is a measurable decrease in the child's disruptive behaviors and an increase in their adaptive behaviors. Although the intervention specifically targets disruptive behavior, we expect to see consequent improvement in a number of linked domains. These represent desired secondary outcomes.

First, as a result of receiving concrete skills and seeing improvement in their child's behavior, as well as due to participation in the group with other families, a reduction in parental stress and an increase in their perceived self-efficacy should occur, as well as a reduction in the stress of the non-participating parent.

Second, after the reduction in disruptive behaviors there should be an improvement in autism symptomatology. Improvements in behavior will allow the child to benefit more from their environments, leading to social and developmental gains.

In the context of the current study, the impact of the intervention on family accommodation is also assessed, hypothesizing that by learning how to analyse and modify behaviors, parents are gaining a broader insight into the impact their own behaviors have on that of their children.

Study Design

Conditions

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Intervention

"Parent training for disruptive behaviors" manual (Bearss, Johnson, Handen, Butter, Lecavalier, Smith & Scahill, 2018)

Location

The Hebrew university
Jerusalem
Israel

Status

Recruiting

Source

Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-26T05:42:45-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.

Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.

Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.

A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.

The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.

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