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The Therapeutic Effect of Dysthyroid Optic Neuropathy

2019-09-25 06:13:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is a common autoimmune disorder. The pathogenesis of TAO is unclear, and studies found that T cell, B cell and monocytes, macrophages and mast cells are located in the orbital tissue of TAO. Dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON) is the most serious complication of TAO, which can cause blurred vision, color vision and vision function damage, and affects the quality of life. Investigation of the therapeutic effect of orbital decompression may provide some clues to make the policy at treatment of DON. We explore the therapeutic effect of orbital decompression in patients with DON in both eyes.

Study Design

Conditions

Thyroid Eye Disease

Intervention

Orbital decompression combined with MPT

Location

Zhongshan Opthalmic Center
Guangdong
Guangdong
China
510060

Status

Recruiting

Source

Sun Yat-sen University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-25T06:13:32-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Autoantibodies that bind to the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (RECEPTORS, THYROTROPIN) on thyroid epithelial cells. The autoantibodies mimic TSH causing an unregulated production of thyroid hormones characteristic of GRAVES DISEASE.

Cell surface proteins that bind pituitary THYROTROPIN (also named thyroid stimulating hormone or TSH) and trigger intracellular changes of the target cells. TSH receptors are present in the nervous system and on target cells in the thyroid gland. Autoantibodies to TSH receptors are implicated in thyroid diseases such as GRAVES DISEASE and Hashimoto disease (THYROIDITIS, AUTOIMMUNE).

A nonspecific tumor-like inflammatory lesion in the ORBIT of the eye. It is usually composed of mature LYMPHOCYTES; PLASMA CELLS; MACROPHAGES; LEUKOCYTES with varying degrees of FIBROSIS. Orbital pseudotumors are often associated with inflammation of the extraocular muscles (ORBITAL MYOSITIS) or inflammation of the lacrimal glands (DACRYOADENITIS).

Inflammatory disease of the THYROID GLAND due to autoimmune responses leading to lymphocytic infiltration of the gland. It is characterized by the presence of circulating thyroid antigen-specific T-CELLS and thyroid AUTOANTIBODIES. The clinical signs can range from HYPOTHYROIDISM to THYROTOXICOSIS depending on the type of autoimmune thyroiditis.

An aggressive THYROID GLAND malignancy which generally occurs in IODINE-deficient areas in people with previous thyroid pathology such as GOITER. It is associated with CELL DEDIFFERENTIATION of THYROID CARCINOMA (e.g., FOLLICULAR THYROID CARCINOMA; PAPILLARY THYROID CANCER). Typical initial presentation is a rapidly growing neck mass which upon metastasis is associated with DYSPHAGIA; NECK PAIN; bone pain; DYSPNEA; and NEUROLOGIC DEFICITS.

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