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Health of Frozen Transferred Versus Fresh Transferred Children

2019-09-27 06:30:49 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In order to give strong recommendation on the efficacy and safety of fresh versus frozen embryo transfer, we conduct this study in order to investigate the physical and mental development of children from fresh versus frozen embryo transfer. Based on our Freeze-only study (Vuong et al., 2018), the women without polycystic ovary syndrome undergoing the first or second IVF were randomly assigned to receive either fresh or frozen embryos on day 3 after oocyte retrieval, which leads to the similarity in characteristics of these two groups. Hence, the result from analysing these offsprings would be preciously valuable.

Description

Since the first live birth after the transfer of a frozen-thawed embryo reported in 1984, cryopreservation has been considered as an enormous revolution in assisted reproductive technology (ART). It is observed that the trend of ART cycles using frozen embryo transfer is on the increase, which leads to a great deal number of children born from frozen embryos. This is the commencement of 2 embryo transfer strategies, the first one is transferring the fresh embryos, the other is freezing all the embryos and transfer them in the next cycle.

Comparing these two strategies, up till now, there are 4 published randomized control trials (RCTs) indicating different methods for certain groups of patients (Chen et al., 2016; Shi et al., 2018; Vuong et al., 2018; Wei et al., 2019). Regarding the efficacy, the freeze-all strategy outweighs the fresh embryo transfer in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). While that efficacy gets a controversy in non-PCOS or ovulatory patients; two groups of authors indicated that these 2 strategies are equally effective, while the other group claims that the better result goes to cycles with frozen embryos. In term of safety, the rate of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is the equivalent or lower in the freeze-all group, which implies the important role of embryo-freezing in avoiding maternal risk. The question that whether freezing the embryos exerts effect on offspring is not thoroughly understood. The mostly used parameter in evaluating the safety of children is the perinatal status of infants, not the development of these children.

Searching literature, in 2010, S. Pelkonen published a large cohort study indicating that freezing the embryos do not change the rate of prematurity, low birthweight and being small for gestational age (Pelkonen et al., 2010). Looking further in our freeze-only study, our sub-analysis indicates that the livebirth weight of infants born from frozen embryos is 300 gram heavier than that from fresh embryos (Vuong et al., 2018). Following 4 studies comparing fresh and frozen embryo transfer, children from frozen embryos are similar or higher in term of newborn weight, and there is no study investigate the onward development of childrens born from these two strategies. The only proof on the development of children born from fresh verus frozen embryo is from one study with no randomization which states that children from fresh and frozen embryos share similar academic performance at the age 15-16 (Spangmose et al., 2019). We found no study investigate the impact of different embryo transfer strategies on the growth of children resulting from either fresh or frozen embryos.

In order to give strong recommendation on the efficacy and safety of fresh versus frozen embryo transfer, we conduct this study in order to investigate the physical and mental development of children from fresh versus frozen embryo transfer. Based on our Freeze-only study (Vuong et al., 2018), the women without polycystic ovary syndrome undergoing the first or second IVF were randomly assigned to receive either fresh or frozen embryos on day 3 after oocyte retrieval, which leads to the similarity in characteristics of these two groups. Hence, the result from analysing these offsprings would be preciously valuable.

Study Design

Conditions

Infertility

Intervention

Developmental score according to The Ages & Stages Questionnaires®, Third Edition - ASQ®-3, Physical development and General Health, Developmental Red flags

Location

Mỹ Đức Hospital
Ho Chi Minh City
Tan Binh
Vietnam

Status

Recruiting

Source

Mỹ Đức Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-27T06:30:49-0400

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