The Effects of Laughter Therapy on Hemodialysis on Depression

2019-09-26 05:42:37 | BioPortfolio


End stage kidney disease is associated with increased depression. Laughter is associated with improvement in depression in chronic disease. The study objective was to measure the effect of intradialytic group laughter therapy on anxiety and depression. Pragmatic randomized controlled trial conducted in 10 hemodialysis centers in Northern California. The intervention group received a once weekly 30-minute long group laughter therapy session for 8 weeks. Primary outcome was depression score as measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire.

Study Design


End Stage Kidney Disease


Laughter Therapy


Satellite Healthcare
San Jose
United States




Satellite Healthcare

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-26T05:42:37-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Therapeutic use of humor and laughter to improve emotional well being in order to facilitate improvement in health.

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

KIDNEY injuries associated with diabetes mellitus and affecting KIDNEY GLOMERULUS; ARTERIOLES; KIDNEY TUBULES; and the interstitium. Clinical signs include persistent PROTEINURIA, from microalbuminuria progressing to ALBUMINURIA of greater than 300 mg/24 h, leading to reduced GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE.

The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.

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