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This study will examine how various FDA-approved seasonal influenza vaccine types, used in a manner consistent with their approved use, impact the characteristics of influenza specific antibodies in humans, and how these responses differ based on age and prior immunization history.
This study is particularly focused on studying antibodies, a protein in blood that react with foreign substances (such as bacteria and viruses) to help eliminate them. This study will examine antibodies and the cells that they are produced by, B cells that develop in response to the influenza vaccine.
The majority of antibodies that develop following seasonal influenza vaccine are highly specific for particular influenza strain that comprises the influenza vaccine, necessitating the annual reformulation of the influenza vaccine to match strains expected to be in circulation for the upcoming season. This is problematic, and strategies to develop an influenza vaccine that can promote the robust and persistent development of antibodies that are effective against a wide range of influenza strains are needed. One potential strategy is to promote antibody responses targeting the neuraminidase (NA) protein of influenza. NA is more highly conserved across influenza viruses as compared to the hemagglutinin (HA) protein which is the major component of the influenza vaccine. Thus understanding how differences in seasonal influenza vaccines may influence the quality and breadth of HA and NA specific antibodies is of importance in the development of more effective influenza vaccines.
There are several FDA-approved seasonal inactivated influenza vaccines (IIVs) and it remains unknown the extent to which they may induce HA and NA-specific B cells and antibodies, and particularly those that may have broad protective activity against influenza. Differences in the various seasonal IIVs, such as how they were produced, their dose, and the immune stimulating components (adjuvant) they contain may influence the HA and NA-specific response. The two major types of seasonal IIV approved for adults are IIV that is comprised of inactivated influenza virus that was grown in chicken eggs (e.g. Sanofi Fluzone, IIV), and the other comprised of inactivated influenza virus that was grown in cell culture (e.g. Seqirus Flucelvax, cc-IIV). Additionally, for adults 65 years and older, High Dose Fluzone (HD-IIV3), and Sequris Fluad IIV, which includes an adjuvant (a-IIV3). This study will evaluate the relative induction of HA and NA-specific antibodies and B cells from adults immunized with these various seasonal influenza vaccines, and how these responses may change after each year, and differ in older adults who may have a different past exposure history to influenza compared to younger adults. The seasonal influenza vaccines will be given as standard of care, in populations they are approved for, and administered in approved dose and route.
Fluzone, Flucelvax, Fluzone High-Dose, Fluad
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Not yet recruiting
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-30T07:07:15-0400
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The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.
Membrane glycoproteins from influenza viruses which are involved in hemagglutination, virus attachment, and envelope fusion. Fourteen distinct subtypes of HA glycoproteins and nine of NA glycoproteins have been identified from INFLUENZA A VIRUS; no subtypes have been identified for Influenza B or Influenza C viruses.
Mice selectively bred for hypersusceptibility to two-stage chemical skin carcinogenesis. They are also hypersusceptible to UV radiation tumorigenesis with single high-dose, but not chronic low-dose, exposures. SENCAR (SENsitive to CARcinogenesis) mice are used in research as an animal model for tumor production.
The specific failure of a normally responsive individual to make an immune response to a known antigen. It results from previous contact with the antigen by an immunologically immature individual (fetus or neonate) or by an adult exposed to extreme high-dose or low-dose antigen, or by exposure to radiation, antimetabolites, antilymphocytic serum, etc.
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