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Despite primary surgical management of muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) with radical cystectomy and pelvic lymphnode dissection, up to 50% of patients will eventually develop tumours at distant sites, owing to pre-existing disseminated occult micrometastases. The first line treatment for relapse or metastatic MIBC is gemcitabine and cisplatin. After the failure of first line treatment, second line chemotherapy drugs can be chosen from doxorubicin, docetaxel, pemetrexed, etc. This non-randomized, prospective study aims to explore the efficacy and safety of PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin and PD-1 in second line treatment of MIBC.
Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD), PD-1
Tianjin Medical Unversity Second Hospital
Tianjin Medical University Second Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-30T07:07:15-0400
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Symptom of overactive detrusor muscle of the URINARY BLADDER that contracts with abnormally high frequency and urgency. Overactive bladder is characterized by the frequent feeling of needing to urinate during the day, during the night, or both. URINARY INCONTINENCE may or may not be present.
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.
Tumors or cancer located in muscle tissue or specific muscles. They are differentiated from NEOPLASMS, MUSCLE TISSUE which are neoplasms composed of skeletal, cardiac, or smooth muscle tissue, such as MYOSARCOMA or LEIOMYOMA.
Involuntary discharge of URINE as a result of physical activities that increase abdominal pressure on the URINARY BLADDER without detrusor contraction or overdistended bladder. The subtypes are classified by the degree of leakage, descent and opening of the bladder neck and URETHRA without bladder contraction, and sphincter deficiency.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...
Non-invasive bladder cancer is a cancer that is only in the inner lining of the bladder. Invasive bladder cancer is cancer that has spread into the deeper walls of the bladder. When the cancer has spread outside the bladder to other parts of the body, th...