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Treatment Response Among Chinese Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders

2019-09-27 06:30:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO)/ Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders (NMOSD) is an immune-mediated inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system mainly involving optic nerve and spinal cord. It is clinically characterized by simultaneous or sequential involvement of the optic nerve and spinal cord, presenting a progressive or remission and relapse course, which can lead to paralysis and blindness.

The objective of this study is to provide evidence regarding treat effects and factors related to prognosis which will help physicians better evaluable risk-benefit in NMOSD management and improve patients' outcome.

Description

Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO)/ Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders (NMOSD) is an immune-mediated inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system mainly involving optic nerve and spinal cord. It is clinically characterized by simultaneous or sequential involvement of the optic nerve and spinal cord, presenting a progressive or remission and relapse course, which can lead to paralysis and blindness.

Globally, there is no solid data available for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of patients with acute Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders (NMOSD) attack, particularly very rare data from prospective studies. This is a multicenter, prospective, real-world cohort study in patients with acute NMOSD attack in China.

Baseline data for approximately 200 patients with acute NMOSD attack from approximately 4 centers will be collected. Patients with acute NMOSD attack (including first episodes and relapses) whose expansile disability status score (EDSS ) ≥ 2 points at baseline will be eligible to be further included in prospective study cohort for analysis of treatment effects and prognosis.

The objective of this study is to provide evidence regarding treat effects and factors related to prognosis which will help physicians better evaluable risk-benefit in NMOSD management and improve patients' outcome.

Study Design

Conditions

Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders

Location

Wei Qiu
Guangzhou
China

Status

Enrolling by invitation

Source

Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-27T06:30:40-0400

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TLR-2 and TLR-4 agonists favor expansion of CD4 T cell subsets implicated in the severity of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A syndrome characterized by acute OPTIC NEURITIS in combination with acute MYELITIS, TRANSVERSE. Demyelinating and/or necrotizing lesions form in one or both optic nerves and in the spinal cord. The onset of optic neuritis and myelitis may be simultaneous or separated by several months. (J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1996 Apr;60(4):382-387)

These disorders are related to both SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM AND RELATED DISORDERS and DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS in terms of symptomatology, family history, and genetics. (DSM-V) .

Disorders comprising a spectrum of brain malformations representing the paradigm of a diffuse neuronal migration disorder. They result in cognitive impairment; SEIZURES; and HYPOTONIA or spasticity. Mutations of two genes, LIS1, the gene for the non-catalytic subunit of PLATELET-ACTIVATING FACTOR ACETYLHYDROLASE IB; and DCX or XLIS, the gene for doublecortin, have been identified as the most common causes of disorders in this spectrum. Additional variants of classical (Type I) lissencephaly have been linked to RELN, the gene for reelin, and ARX, the gene for aristaless related homeobox protein. (From Leventer, R.J., et al, Mol Med Today. 2000 Jul;6(7):277-84 and Barkovich, A.J., et al, Neurology. 2005 Dec 27;65(12):1873-87.)

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A broad-spectrum spectrum antineoplastic antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces refuineus var. thermotolerans. It has low toxicity, some activity against Trichomonas and Endamoeba, and inhibits RNA and DNA synthesis. It binds irreversibly to DNA.

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