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The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of the granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor(GM-CSF) gel on the endometrial thickness in infertile women with thin endometrium.
The thin endometrium is detrimental to embryo implantation, probability of clinical pregnancy for an endometrial thickness ≤ 7 mm was significantly lower compared with cases with endometrial thickness > 7 mm. It has been reported the granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) increased the endometrial thickness and pregnancy rate of infertile women with thin endometrium during IVF cycle. However, most of the researches were retrospective and small sample size, and the results were conflicted among them. GM-CSF is another member of CSF superfamily, recalling more macrophage than G-CSF, which could be more effective in local homeostasis maintain and wound repair. GM-CSF has been widely used in skin repair after burn. It was also found the GM-CSF and its receptor in endometrium. In the past year, the investigators tried GM-CSF irrigation in 21 women with thin endometrium and most of them received GM-CSF after hysteroscopic examination or slight adhesion relaxing, and the preliminary data suggested that the GM-CSF may promote the endometrial growth. Does the GM-CSF gel can improve the endometrial thickness? Therefore, this study was conducted.
GM-CSF, 17-ß estradiol
Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital
Not yet recruiting
Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-27T06:30:42-0400
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The steroid 17β-estradiol (herein "estradiol") is potent regulator of sexual differentiation that exerts wide-ranging effects on the developing brain and other tissues. The developing gonads are an i...
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Steroidal compounds related to ESTRADIOL, the major mammalian female sex hormone. Estradiol congeners include important estradiol precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with estrogenic activities.
Compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or action of estradiol.
Cytoplasmic proteins that bind estradiol, migrate to the nucleus, and regulate DNA transcription.
Generally refers to the 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids. In humans, it is produced primarily by the cyclic ovaries and the PLACENTA. It is also produced by the adipose tissue of men and postmenopausal women. The 17-alpha-isomer of estradiol binds weakly to estrogen receptors (RECEPTORS, ESTROGEN) and exhibits little estrogenic activity in estrogen-responsive tissues. Various isomers can be synthesized.
The mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity that is hormonally responsive during the MENSTRUAL CYCLE and PREGNANCY. The endometrium undergoes cyclic changes that characterize MENSTRUATION. After successful FERTILIZATION, it serves to sustain the developing embryo.
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Obstetrics and gynaecology
Fertility Menopause Obstetrics & Gynaecology Osteoporosis Women's Health Obstetrics and gynaecology comprises the care of the pregnant woman, her unborn child and the management of diseases specific to women. Most consultant...