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Halting Nucleoside Analogues in Chronic Hepatitis B

2019-09-30 07:07:11 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Most patients with Chronic Hepatitis B are on nucleoside analogy (NA) long term, but this leads to HBsAg loss (defined as functional cure) of only 2% at 6 years. Recently a number of studies have shown significant HBsAg loss rates after stopping nucleoside analogues (NA). However, no criteria to select such patients have been evaluated. Consequently, the objective of the study is not only to determine the proportion of patients able to achieve HBsAg loss in those with qHBsAg≤100IU/ml. The study is designed as a randomised control trial with 1:2 parallel arm randomisation to continuing NA or stopping therapy. Patients will be monitored after stopping therapy for Hepatitis B flares and also to document HBsAg loss.

Description

Chronic Hepatitis B (CHB) affects over 250 million persons and is considered one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity globally. Standard treatment consists of nucleos(t)ide analogues (NA) or peginterferon (PEG). There has been increasing interested in HBsAg loss, defined as functional cure. However this has been difficult to achieve with NA, and although rates of HBsAg loss are higher with PEG, they are still <10%. However, a number of studies have shown that HBsAg loss rates were significantly higher in those who stopped NA. A study from Greece by Hadziyannis had a 39% HBsAg loss after patients stopped adefovir therapy. Further studies have shown similar results, and those not able to clear HBsAg have had quiescent disease, although some patients had to restart therapy usually due to hepatitis B flares. No deaths have been reported. Consequently, while stopping therapy has led to HBsAg loss in some patients, it is not clear which patients would benefit the most. The prior studies have indicated that patients most likely to lose HBsAg had low qHBsAg levels and a level ≤100 IU/ml had a high possibility of HBsAg loss. Consequently, we propose to test whether patients with CHB on NA >1year and without liver cirrhosis and with qHBsAg≤100 IU/ml are able to lose HBsAg compared to those who continue NA. The study is designed as a parallel arm RCT randomised 1:2 to continue NA versus stop NA. Patients will be monitored regularly for clinical status, virological markers, and liver markers. The primary endpoint is HBsAg loss at the end of the study in those who stop versus those who continue NA. Additional outcomes will be hepatitis B flares, inactive hepatitis B status, virological relapse, and restarting therapy.

Study Design

Conditions

Chronic Hepatitis B

Intervention

stopping nucleos(t)ide therapy, Continue nucleos(t)ide analogue

Location

National University Hospital
Singapore
Singapore
119228

Status

Recruiting

Source

National University Health System, Singapore

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-30T07:07:11-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans that is caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS lasting six months or more. Chronic hepatitis C can lead to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER with ongoing hepatocellular injury for 6 months or more, characterized by NECROSIS of HEPATOCYTES and inflammatory cell (LEUKOCYTES) infiltration. Chronic hepatitis can be caused by viruses, medications, autoimmune diseases, and other unknown factors.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS in conjunction with HEPATITIS B VIRUS and lasting six months or more.

A closely related group of antigens found in the plasma only during the infective phase of hepatitis B or in virulent chronic hepatitis B, probably indicating active virus replication; there are three subtypes which may exist in a complex with immunoglobulins G.

A defective virus, containing particles of RNA nucleoprotein in virion-like form, present in patients with acute hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis. It requires the presence of a hepadnavirus for full replication. This is the lone species in the genus Deltavirus.

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