Atlas of Experimental Gingivitis in Humans

2019-10-02 07:21:47 | BioPortfolio


Pilot case series with a split-mouth design to track subjects with known exposure (dental biofilm accumulation) over 21 days. Descriptive design, using single cell RNA sequencing as a "digital biopsy" to catalog and contrast inflamed versus non-inflamed tissues from within the same mouth and across patients. Specimens (human) will biobanked from the 'digital biopsy' site for future analysis, including: Gingival crevicular fluid, oral epithelial stem/progenitor cells, and plaque samples, for 'omics analyses including metabolomics, microbiomic, and genomic data.


Purpose is to conduct the first study of human gingiva in health and after biofilm-induced inflammation in the gingiva using scRNAseq. The pilot will involve induction of experimental gingivitis in all participants.

Participants include recruitment of 6 participants. Following consenting, screening, and enrollment, a customized acrylic stent will be used only on the selected sextant/teeth specified in the protocol, and only during tooth brushing to prevent oral hygiene in selected sextant/teeth. After the completion of the 3-week gingivitis induction phase, participants will enter a 2 week resolution phase. In the resolution phase, participants will reinstate full mouth oral hygiene, with the exception of flossing. Oral prophylaxis will be performed to regain health. During the 3 week gingivitis induction phase, participants will be required to return to the clinic every 7 days for safety checks.

Study Procedures (methods): Medical history, demographics (height/weight), urine based pregnancy test, vital signs (to include blood pressures, and pulse), standard dental clinical measures (to include plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, and clinical attachment level), alginate impressions taken for fabrication of an acrylic stent (mouth guard), 2 gingival biopsies, 4 subgingival (below the gum line) plaque samples, 4 Gingival Crevicular Fluid (naturally occurring fluid between the gum and teeth) samples, and adult prophylaxis

Study Design




Stent-Induced Biofilm Overgrowth


Not yet recruiting


University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-02T07:21:47-0400

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A COAGULASE-negative species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS found on the skin and MUCOUS MEMBRANE of warm-blooded animals. Similar to STAPHYLOCOCCUS EPIDERMIDIS and STAPHYLOCOCCUS HAEMOLYTICUS, it is a nosocomial pathogen in NICU settings. Subspecies include generally antibiotic susceptible and BIOFILM negative capitis and antibiotic resistant and biofilm positive urealyticus isolates.

An acute or chronic GINGIVITIS characterized by redness and swelling, NECROSIS extending from the interdental papillae along the gingival margins, PAIN; HEMORRHAGE, necrotic odor, and often a pseudomembrane. The condition may extend to the ORAL MUCOSA; TONGUE; PALATE; or PHARYNX. The etiology is somewhat unclear, but may involve a complex of FUSOBACTERIUM NUCLEATUM along with spirochetes BORRELIA or TREPONEMA.

A loss of mucous substance of the mouth showing local excavation of the surface, resulting from the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue. It is the result of a variety of causes, e.g., denture irritation, aphthous stomatitis (STOMATITIS, APHTHOUS); NOMA; necrotizing gingivitis (GINGIVITIS, NECROTIZING ULCERATIVE); TOOTHBRUSHING; and various irritants. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p842)

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Abnormally high temperature intentionally induced in living things regionally or whole body. It is most often induced by radiation (heat waves, infra-red), ultrasound, or drugs.

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Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....

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