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Early Diagnosis of Neonatal Sepsis

2019-10-01 07:54:56 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Sepsis is defined as a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) associated with infection diagnosed either on microbiologic cultures or strong clinical evidence of an infection.

Description

Sepsis is defined as a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) associated with infection diagnosed either on microbiologic cultures or strong clinical evidence of an infection..Worldwide, neonatal sepsis is responsible for 4 million deaths annually and 99% of them occur in developing countries.. . morbidity associated with sepsis includes sensorineural hearing loss, visual disturbances, seizures, and neurodevelopmental issues.. Blood culture is considered as gold standard for diagnosis of sepsis. The ideal diagnostic test should be inexpensive, have quick results Hematologic scoring system(HSS) of Rodwell et al. includes the following: a) White blood cell and platelet count b) White blood differential count c) Nucleated red blood cell count (to correct WBC count) d) Assessment of neutrophil morphology for degenerative changes. A modified HSS(modified hematological scoring system) was developed by removing the repetitive parameters, adding a new parameter - nucleated RBC.

Study Design

Conditions

Sepses, Neonatal

Intervention

Blood culturs

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Assiut University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-01T07:54:56-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Accumulation of BILIRUBIN, a breakdown product of HEME PROTEINS, in the BLOOD during the first weeks of life. This may lead to NEONATAL JAUNDICE. The excess bilirubin may exist in the unconjugated (indirect) or the conjugated (direct) form. The condition may be self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) or pathological with toxic levels of bilirubin.

Yellow discoloration of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA in the NEWBORN. It is a sign of NEONATAL HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Most cases are transient self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) occurring in the first week of life, but some can be a sign of pathological disorders, particularly LIVER DISEASES.

A severe form of neonatal dwarfism with very short limbs. All cases have died at birth or later in the neonatal period.

A disorder of neuromuscular transmission that occurs in a minority of newborns born to women with myasthenia gravis. Clinical features are usually present at birth or develop in the first 3 days of life and consist of hypotonia and impaired respiratory, suck, and swallowing abilities. This condition is associated with the passive transfer of acetylcholine receptor antibodies through the placenta. In the majority of infants the myasthenic weakness resolves (i.e., transient neonatal myasthenia gravis) although this disorder may rarely continue beyond the neonatal period (i.e., persistent neonatal myasthenia gravis). (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p823; Neurology 1997 Jan;48(1):50-4)

A condition marked by recurrent seizures that occur during the first 4-6 weeks of life despite an otherwise benign neonatal course. Autosomal dominant familial and sporadic forms have been identified. Seizures generally consist of brief episodes of tonic posturing and other movements, apnea, eye deviations, and blood pressure fluctuations. These tend to remit after the 6th week of life. The risk of developing epilepsy at an older age is moderately increased in the familial form of this disorder. (Neurologia 1996 Feb;11(2):51-5)

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