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Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is fatal with right heart failure due to raised pulmonary vascular pressure. Gut dysbiosis was identified in animals with pulmonary hypertension. Deidentified human samples will be tested for gut dysbiosis in PAH, circulating bacterial metabolites and markers of inflammation and gut leakiness. The gut microbiome and circulating metabolites, markers of inflammation and gut leakiness of PAH patients and healthy subjects will be compared in deidentified fecal samples and blood.
Stool samples will be collected from people with no, mild-moderate or severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Bacterial DNA will be extracted from the feces and sequenced by whole genome sequencing (shotgun sequencing). The DNA sequences will be used to identify the bacteria present in the feces, and to model the functions of the gut microbial community in each of the three groups. This will test for gut dysbiosis in pulmonary arterial hypertensive patients compared to healthy subjects. Gut dysbiosis is a condition where the gut bacterial communities are unbalanced and has been implicated in disease processes.
In subjects recruited in the USA, blood samples will be tested for markers of gut leakiness and inflammation as well as gut bacterial metabolites found in the circulation.
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Mayo Clinic Jacksonville
University of Florida
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-01T07:55:06-0400
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A malformation of the heart in which the embryonic common PULMONARY VEIN was not incorporated into the LEFT ATRIUM leaving behind a perforated fibromuscular membrane bisecting the left atrium, a three-atrium heart. The opening between the two left atrium sections determines the degree of obstruction to pulmonary venous return, pulmonary venous and pulmonary arterial hypertension.
A syndrome characterized by the clinical triad of advanced chronic liver disease, pulmonary vascular dilatations, and reduced arterial oxygenation (HYPOXEMIA) in the absence of intrinsic cardiopulmonary disease. This syndrome is common in the patients with LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).
Hypertrophy and dilation of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart that is caused by PULMONARY HYPERTENSION. This condition is often associated with pulmonary parenchymal or vascular diseases, such as CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and PULMONARY EMBOLISM.
Familial or idiopathic hypertension in the PULMONARY CIRCULATION which is not secondary to other disease.
A prostaglandin that is a powerful vasodilator and inhibits platelet aggregation. It is biosynthesized enzymatically from PROSTAGLANDIN ENDOPEROXIDES in human vascular tissue. The sodium salt has been also used to treat primary pulmonary hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PULMONARY).
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Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...