The Relation Between Midwifery Education and Listening to Classical Music With the Mode of Delivery

2019-10-01 07:55:12 | BioPortfolio


The emotional and psychological well-being of women influence the perception and experience of pregnancy and childbirth. Pregnant women with a fear of childbirth are more likely to give birth by caesarean section. An increased risk of obstetric interventions such as planned and emergency caesarean section has been determined. Childbirth education is an intervention that has a major impact on maternity outcomes and birth experience


The emotional and psychological well-being of women significantly affects the perception and experience of pregnancy and childbirth. Pregnant women with a fear of childbirth are more likely to give birth by caesarean section. An increased risk of obstetric interventions such as planned and emergency caesarean section was also identified. Childbirth education is an intervention that has a great impact on birth outcomes and childbirth experiences.

A Cochrane systematic review found that the effects of antenatal education on childbirth and parenting are quite unknown. In a longitudinal cohort study, on a sample of 576 women, Bossano et al. investigated the impact of the vaginal birth method and the experience experienced on health after a decade. It was found that women with caesarean section were significantly more distressed than those who had delivered vaginally, and that the experience of childbirth remains in the memory even after a decade.

A randomized controlled study conducted in Australia by Fenwick et al. divided a sample of 339 pregnant women into a test and control group measured the impact of midwifery education on outcomes in childbirth, breastfeeding and the development of postpartum depression. Pregnant women of the interventional group received individual psychoeducation training by midwives in the second trimester of pregnancy. The control group did not undergo individual training. Finally, 184 female respondents with duly completed questionnaires were included in the analysis. In comparison with the control group, the caesarean section rate in the interventional was clinically but not statistically significantly lower (by 8%), and the need for an emergency caesarean section in the test group was less than 7%. There was no difference in the assessment of postpartum depression between the two groups. At 6 weeks postpartum, there was no statistically significant difference in the infant's diet between the two groups. In the interventional group, 83.5% were breastfed and 78.5% in the control group. It was concluded that the psychoeducation of pregnant women had the effect of reducing the overall rate of caesarean section. The impact of education on psychosocial health was found in a randomized controlled study called "Mindfulness - based program on the psychological health of pregnant women" in a sample of 104 women, divided into an interventional and control group. Pregnant women in the interventional group attended an eight-week program in groups between 13 and 26 weeks of gestation and used audio recordings at home, and had statistically significantly lower levels of stress and depression compared to the control group when measured at 36 weeks of gestation.

The use of deep inhalation and exhalation breathing exercises has proven effective in reducing the perception of pain in childbirth. A randomized clinical trial by Yuksel et al. in a sample of 250 pregnant women divided into test and control groups, the aim was to determine the effectiveness of the exercise on the perception of pain and the impact on the Apgar score of the infant after 1 minute. Pregnant women underwent a series of exercise training sessions and practiced during the first delivery phase to reduce stress and relaxation. There was a statistically significant difference in the lower perception of pain in the interventional group compared to the control group. A VAS scale of pain was used to assess pain. There was no statistically significant difference in the value of the Apgar score.

The therapeutic effects of listening to music on maternal and infant health have been proven in numerous studies. A lower incidence of anxiety and depression in women, a lower perception of pain during childbirth, a higher oxygen saturation in a newborn infant, and longer breastfeeding were found. A unique package with selected music has not been defined, but the choice is left to the creativity and knowledge of health professionals. A statistically significantly lower level of pain and anxiety at all measured time intervals was determined by a study in which a test group of 80 first-timers listened to music of their choice during childbirth compared to a control group who underwent childbirth without listening to music.

Based on the results of various studies, it can be concluded that the influence of antenatal education on the reduction of the rate of caesarean section in relation to vaginal delivery and the perception of pain during childbirth. Listening to classical music and breathing exercises significantly contribute to the reduction of labor pain, affecting the length of breastfeeding and the mental health of women in the maternity ward. An area requiring research is the fear of childbirth and its consequent impact on both maternity outcomes and the mental health of women in the ward.

Study Design


Delivery Mode


Education, No education


County Hospital 'Dr. fra Mihovil Sucic'
Bosnia and Herzegovina




University of Mostar

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-01T07:55:12-0400

Clinical Trials [3211 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Individual Choice of Delivery Mode

The primary aim of the study is to investigate personal attitudes regarding mode of delivery among both medical health care professionals and non-professionals. We are also investigating w...

Mobile Educations Effect on Pain Outcomes

The purpose of this study is to explore the clinical impact of pain management education using a mobile web-based education delivery system compared to standard education delivery. This st...

Effects of Antenatal Education on Fear of Birth, Depression, Anxiety, Childbirth Self-efficacy, and Mode of Delivery in Primiparous Pregnant Women

Background: Caesarean delivery rates are quite high, especially in primipara, in Turkey. Fear of birth, low childbirth self-efficacy, and psychological factors may be among the primary cau...

A Virtual Reality-based Radiation Therapy Education Program

The objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of an immersive virtual reality (VR)-based education program with the form of patient education commonly provided by clinics (e....

Asthma Inpatient Research on Education

Families of children with asthma are admitted for asthma attacks very frequently compared to adults with asthma. They are given education about asthma but studies are needed to improve thi...

PubMed Articles [8796 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Characteristics of Chinese Medicine Education Under British Education System in New Zealand.

With the globalisation of Chinese medicine (CM), the local CM education institutions were established in many other countries outside of China. These CM education institutions have formed a new mode i...

Constructing an experiential education model in undergraduate radiology education by the utilization of the picture archiving and communication system (PACS).

Medical education in China is in a transitional period, from passive learning models to experiential education. We modified an experiential education method for radiology education. The aim of this st...

Developing Innovative On-Campus Intensives to Enhance Distance-Based Nurse Practitioner Programs.

The delivery of higher education has changed dramatically in recent years due to the shift toward distance learning, resulting in a need for creative education delivery methods. This article describes...

The effects of debate-based ethics education on the moral sensitivity and judgment of nursing students: A quasi-experimental study.

While ethics education in undergraduate nursing education can be developed using a variety of teaching and learning strategies, consensus on the content and teaching modules for these ethics courses h...

Discharge Medication Procurement and Education After Kidney Transplantation.

Adherence to immunosuppressant medications is a key determinant of success following organ transplantation. Medication procurement and education are precursory. In March 2018, Medicare announced a rul...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Education for specific trades or occupations.

Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.

Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.

Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to dental school.

Education and training outside of that for the professions.

More From BioPortfolio on "The Relation Between Midwifery Education and Listening to Classical Music With the Mode of Delivery"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Obstetrics and gynaecology
Fertility Menopause Obstetrics & Gynaecology Osteoporosis Women's Health Obstetrics and gynaecology comprises the care of the pregnant woman, her unborn child and the management of diseases specific to women. Most consultant...

Mental Health
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...

Searches Linking to this Trial