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Diagnostic Value of Ultra-low Dose Thoracic Scanner for the Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation Detection in HHT Patient

2019-10-03 07:54:43 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is linked to a dysregulation of angiogenesis leading to the formation of arteriovenous malformations (AVM): cutaneo-mucous telangiectasia and visceral shunts. The diagnosis is clinical and based on Curaçao criteria: recurrent epistaxis, cutaneo-mucous telangiectasia, hereditary signs and presence of visceral AVM.

Pulmonary AVMs (PAVM) expose patients to many potentially life-threatening complications, such as strokes or brain abscesses due to the right-left shunt created and the lack of filtration barrier of the pulmonary capillary within the AVM. These patients should therefore have regular monitoring throughout their life by a chest CT scanner every 5 to 10 years in the absence of PAVM at the initial scan or more often if PAVMs are present. The management of PAVMs is based on their early detection and embolization in interventional radiology during which is set up within the afferent artery of the PAVM an embolizing agent, the coil.

However, the risk of cumulative irradiation exposure from thoracic scanners and repeated thoracic embolizations over time could be reduces by a decrease of X-rays dose.

A new thoracic CT imaging protocol validated in the United States in the primary screening of lung cancer, the ultra-low dose protocol, is a CT scanner acquired at an irradiation dose equivalent to that of a frontal chest x-ray and in profile. The dose reduction is of 40 times the usual dose of a chest CT scanner.

The lung parenchyma has a high natural contrast on thoracic CT images and there are few adjacent attenuating structures allowing a drastic reduction of dose. However, from this dose, the image quality is degraded with an increase of the image noise. The diagnostic performances have to be confirmed with qualitative and quantitative measurements.

Thus, the objective of this study is to compare the sensitivity and the specificity of the current scanner and the ultra-low dose scanner to reduce the exposure to X-rays.

Study Design

Conditions

Hemorrhagic Hereditary Telangiectasia (HHT)

Intervention

Low CT scanner without injection dose, Ultra-low dose CT scanner without injection

Location

Hospices Civils de Lyon - Hopital Louis Pradel
Bron
France
69500

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Hospices Civils de Lyon

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-03T07:54:43-0400

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