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Transition of Care for Patients With Hirschsprung Disease and Anorectal Malformations

2019-10-02 07:21:31 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Transition from paediatric to adult health care is crucial for preventing deterioration of chronic diseases. At present, transitional care (TC) is not established for patients with the Hirschsprung disease (H) and Anorectal Malformations (ARM). To set up a program for TC and to treat persisting symptoms in adults, data on outcome in adult patients are needed. At present such data are very limited. Therefore, we want to investigate clinical and PROM in H and ARM adolescents and adults. A cross sectional study in all H and ARM patients operated in Norway from 1970-2000 and in all adolescents operated at Oslo University Hospital from 2002-2006 will examine somatic, psychosocial and mental health, and quality of life (QoL). In children operated for H and ARM a large body of evidence shows that bowel problems, reduced QoL and impaired psychosocial and mental health are common. There are papers on sexual and urological impairment in these patients, but large studies on the topic is missing. It is a general assumption among paediatric surgeons that both somatic and mental health problems related to H and ARM improve during adolescence and adult life. Therefore, no standardized guidelines for TC in these patients have been established. Interestingly, very few studies have actually examined H and ARM patients beyond adolescence. Reports from patient organizations showing significant long-term sequels and inadequate understanding of the unique problems of H and ARM patients among health professionals treating adults. Hypothesis:H and ARM adults and adolescents have bowel, urinary and sexual difficulties and reduced QoL, psychosocial and mental health. H and ARM adults receive insufficient treatment of their chronic congenital disease. H and ARM patients with syndromes have particularly bad functional outcome. Anal dilatations and repeated rectal enemas have a negative impact on adolescent psychosocial and mental health. Main aim: Acquire knowledge about long-term bowel, urinary and sexual function, QoL and psychosocial and mental health in adult and adolescent H and ARM patients. Results: from this large study of H and ARM patients will have significant influence on treatment and follow-up, both nationally and internationally. Since very few countries except the Nordic countries have the possibility to follow patients with congenital malformations into adulthood, it is important that studies like this are done.

Study Design

Conditions

Anorectal Malformations

Intervention

Questionnaires

Location

Oslo University Hospital
Oslo
Norway

Status

Recruiting

Source

Oslo University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-02T07:21:31-0400

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