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Autoimmune encephalitis involve autoantibodies targeting central nervous system, and particularly the synapse or its structure like for LGI1 protein. Anti-LGI1 encephalitis is revealed by an inflammation of the limbic system, with mainly temporal lobe, faciobrachial dystonic or generalized seizures, and cognitive disorders.
This disease is rare and its clinical, EEG and radiological characterisation is not sufficiently established. The investigators will evaluate these three aspects for the anti-LGI1 cohort of patients of the National Reference Center of autoimmune encephalitis.
Centre de référence des syndromes neurologiques paranéoplasiques et encéphalites auto-immunes
Not yet recruiting
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-02T07:21:32-0400
Limbic encephalitis associated with anti leucine-rich glioma inactivated-1 LGI1 antibody (anti-LGI1) usually presents with seizures and progressive disturbance of memory and behavior. But ...
Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) are characterized by subacute onset of memory deficits, altered mental status or psychiatric symptoms, frequently associated with seizures, inflammatory cerebr...
Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is the most common curable non-infectious autoimmune encephalitis，but because of the lack of recognition in the clinic, usually been misdiagnosed as other...
The purpose of the study is to assess the efficacy of immunoadsorption therapy (IA) on improving the neurological status of severe pediatric anti-NMDAR encephalitis patients.
In recent years, more and more previously thought to be unknown encephalitis was found to be a specific antigen associated encephalitis，but because of the lack of recognition in the clin...
Leucine-rich glioma-inactivated protein 1 (LGI1) and contactin-associated protein-like 2 (CASPR2) neurological autoimmunity in adults has been associated with various clinical syndromes involving cent...
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an underdiagnosed disease that has been described thus far only in case series. Patients, the majority of which are females, develop neuropsy...
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate-receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a severe autoimmune condition, which typically affects young females. The long-term clinical consequences and brain morphology changes after ...
Chitinase-3-like 1 (CHI3L1) and osteopontin (OPN) are known biomarkers of neuroinflammation. Herein, we explored the relationship between these inflammatory markers with the disease severity and progn...
Leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) encephalitis is a rare entity. Its typical features are seizures, faciobrachial dystonic seizures (FBDS), cognitive impairment, and personality changes.
A subgroup of the genus FLAVIVIRUS which comprises a number of viral species that are the etiologic agents of human encephalitis in many different geographical regions. These include Japanese encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE), St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), Murray Valley encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, MURRAY VALLEY), and WEST NILE VIRUS.
Disorder characterized by symptoms of CATATONIA; HYPOVENTILATION; DYSKINESIAS; ENCEPHALITIS; and SEIZURES followed by a reduced CONSCIOUSNESS. It is often followed by a viral-like prodrome. Many cases are self-limiting and respond well to IMMUNOMODULATORY THERAPIES against the NMDA RECEPTORS antibodies.
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), found in Australia and New Guinea. It causes a fulminating viremia resembling Japanese encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, JAPANESE).
Encephalitis caused by neurotropic viruses that are transmitted via the bite of TICKS. In Europe, the diseases are caused by ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, TICK-BORNE, which give rise to Russian spring-summer encephalitis, central European encephalitis, louping ill encephalitis, and related disorders. Powassan encephalitis occurs in North America and Russia and is caused by the Powassan virus. ASEPTIC MENINGITIS and rarely encephalitis may complicate COLORADO TICK FEVER which is endemic to mountainous regions of the western United States. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp14-5)
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiologic agent of ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS in the United States, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.
Autoimmune disorders are conditions that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue. There are more than 80 different types of autoimmune disorders. Normally the immune system's white blood cells help protect ...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...