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The proposed study will investigate the effect of a polyunsaturated fatty acid / lipid mixture (LCPUFAs) on the clinical symptoms, bronchial inflammation and lung function in allergic asthma in a bronchial allergen provocation (BAP) model. For this purpose, patients with stable episodic asthma and dust mite allergy will underwent BAP before and after supplementation with LCPUFAs. The clinical symptoms, bronchial inflammation, exhaled NO increase and lung function decline (FEV1) will be analyzed.
Asthma is a chronic lung disease, which is characterized by recurrent obstruction, a hypersensitivity and a chronic inflammation of the airway. It is known that LCPUVAs could reduce the production of inflammatory mediators. In addition, LCPUVAs can improve pulmonary function, with a concurrent reduction in bronchodilator use in patients with asthma. Subjects suffering from episodic asthma and house dust mite (HDM) allergy usually have a normal lung function testing at rest and show a decrease in lung function when they are exposed to HDM. Bronchial allergen provocation models are well established in asthma research and allow the evaluation of anti-allergic and anti-asthmatic agents in relatively small sample sizes. In a previous study the investigators could show, that LCPUVAs could reduce exhaled NO after repeated BAP with HDM.
In this study the investigators will investigate the protective effect of LCPUVAs in a repeated BAP model. Clinical symptoms (nasal and bronchial), exhaled NO, decrease in lung function the early asthmatic reaction (EAR), the late asthmatic reaction (LAR) and blood parameters (Triglyceride and Cholesterin and mircro RNAs) will be measured before and after LCPUVA supplementation.
Bronchial allergen provocation (BAP), Nasal provocation test (NPT), Methacholine test, Peak nasal expiratory flow (PNIF)
Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin Universitätsklinikum
Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-04T08:31:38-0400
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