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For many Veterans, success in achieving goals at work, school and in other aspects of life are top priorities. The abilities to regulate attention, remember key information, and stay calm and on track are fundamental to this success. Unfortunately, Veterans who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI) often struggle with these very abilities, and a number of barriers can make it difficult for them to access the help Veterans need. Tele-rehabilitation has the potential to overcome some of these barriers and increase access to care, enabling providers to better reach Veterans 'where they are' in their communities. This project will assess two different approaches to brain injury rehabilitation that seek to help Veterans build personal strengths to better accomplish their goals. Both approaches will be delivered remotely via tele-rehabilitation and augmented by digital apps to best support Veterans' learning in community settings outside the VA.
This project will offer two training approaches targeting difficulties with goal-directed functioning associated with traumatic brain injury. Both approaches will be delivered remotely via tele-rehabilitation and augmented by digital apps - an intervention framework that addresses known barriers to engagement (e.g., convenience and access) and provides tools to intensify training. The study will be open to eligible Veterans (ages 21-60 years old) with history of mild-to-moderate TBI who experience difficulties with cognitive-emotional regulation and goal-directed functioning. After screening for eligibility and providing informed consent, participants will be allocated by permuted block randomization into one of two treatments: Education to optimize brain functioning (OPT), which will teach Veterans about brain health, brain injury and factors that affect brain functioning, or training in goal-directed state regulation skills (GSR), which will teach Veterans skills for regulating cognitive-emotional functioning during goal pursuit. A special emphasis on outreach will be to recruit student Veterans with TBI.
Each intervention will be matched for delivery method, expectation of benefit, workload and attention, and overall duration. Training will last approximately five weeks, accommodating typical academic schedules. Participants will undergo multi-level assessments at baseline (prior to interventions), immediately after training, and at 3 months follow-up, administered in-person by staff at study sites. In order to investigate effects on goal-directed functioning at multiple levels, assessments will include (1) measures of performance on neurocognitive tasks; (2) functional performance on complex, goal-based tasks; (3) ratings of changes in functioning in personal life, and (4) progress toward personal goals as measured with goal attainment scaling procedures. Data will be analyzed to assess immediate and long term changes associated with each intervention; immediate and long-term differences between the interventions; and moderators and mediators of intervention effects.
VA Northern California Health Care System, Mather, CA
Not yet recruiting
VA Office of Research and Development
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-04T08:31:41-0400
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