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This study will be an open label, simple randomized controlled trial at a single hospital. The two arms will be equally allocated on a 1:1 ratio into intervention and control groups. The control arm will receive the usual standard postoperative rehabilitation after a bipolar hemiarthroplasty/ total hip arthroplasty which will include in hospital rehabilitation and a maximum of 5 visits postoperatively, arranged and funded by the patient as feasible. The intervention group will receive an extended home-based rehabilitation program twice a week continued for 3 months (12 weeks) after discharge funded by the study. The study will be conducted solely at Aga Khan University Hospital. The care providers involved with the study will include orthopaedic consultants, Family medicine physician, physiotherapist, and orthopaedic nurses. A total of 224 elderly patients aged 60 years and above undergoing hip fracture surgery will be evenly divided into intervention and control arms. The Primary outcome of the study is incidence of falls. Falls will be measured 3 monthly by research-assistant follow-up telephone calls for both the groups. Face to face interview which will be conducted in routine follow-up visits of all patients (both groups) will include assessment physical performance using Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) tool.
Hip fractures are a major health problem globally and are associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and substantial economic costs. Successful operative treatment of hip fracture patients is necessary for the optimization of post-op mobility and functional recovery of the patient. Rehabilitation after surgical stabilization of a hip fracture is crucial in order to restore pre-fracture function and to avoid long-term institutionalization. The probability of long-term confinement can be as high as 25% if the fracture is not fixed.
The combination of high incidence of fall and a high susceptibility to injury is a major public health concern among elderly population. This propensity for fall-related injury in elderly persons stems from a high prevalence of co morbid diseases such as osteoporosis and age-related physiological decline (e.g. slower reflexes) that make even a relatively mild fall, potentially dangerous The development and implementation of effective strategies to minimize disability and falls among older people is an urgent public health challenge due to the increasing proportion of older people in the global population. Besides, for many individuals, the risk of falls and disability after hospital discharge decreases with time. However, for a significant proportion, this is not the case. Many patients after discharge are readmitted with second fracture to the hospitals due to lack of acute rehabilitation programs. Therefore, we have designed a post-discharge home-based physical rehabilitation intervention program to minimize disability and falls in this high-risk elderly population.
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Aga Khan University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-04T08:31:43-0400
To study the effect of sensorimotor integration exercises on balance and fall efficacy in sub-acute stroke by performing 18 balance training exercises with three progressive steps.
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Therapeutic exercises aimed to deepen inspiration or expiration or even to alter the rate and rhythm of respiration.
Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.
Technique based on muscle relaxation during self-hypnotic exercises. It is used in conjunction with psychotherapy.
Works consisting of collections of practice questions and drills, generally for instructional or review use.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
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A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint causes pain, stiffness, and swelling with ...
Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure to restore the integrity and function of a joint. A joint can be restored by resurfacing the bones. An artificial joint (called a prosthesis) may also be used. Various types of arthritis may affect the joints. Osteo...