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An observational prospective study to determine the impact of foam sclerotherapy of large, dominant kidney/liver cysts on quality of life outcomes and kidney/liver cyst volumes at up to 12 months of follow-up in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease (ADPLD).
Cyst burden is an important determinant of outcomes in both autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) (1, 2) and autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease (ADPLD) (3, 4). Furthermore, mass symptoms (from liver and kidney volume) greatly impact upon quality of life in patients with severe disease. Cyst volume increases exponentially with age and results in the development of end-stage renal disease and hypertension, compromised quality of life due to compressive symptoms, and predisposes patients to cyst complications such as infection, hemorrhage, rupture, and torsion. Existing percutaneous treatments for cyst burden in ADPKD and ADPLD include cyst aspiration with or without sclerotherapy. Although frequently effective in the short-term, recurrence rates and the need for repeat procedures are high after these procedures (5, 6). Extrarenal disease (primarily liver disease) is the most important aspect of disease burden to ADPKD patients (7), and there are few effective treatments.
Foam sclerotherapy (FS) with 3% Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate (STS) a sclerosing agent. (Sotradecol®; Mylan, Galway, Ireland) is approved by the FDA for the management of varicose veins. While increasing cyst burden significantly compromises quality of life, the impact of FS on patient-reported outcomes has not been evaluated. In collaboration with the Center for Science of Healthcare delivery, we have developed a patient-reported outcome tool for polycystic liver disease capable of detecting symptom burden in individuals with polycystic liver disease that has been approved by the FDA as a patient-reported outcomes tool in research. Furthermore measurement of liver and kidney volumes can be performed in the Polycystic Kidney Disease Imaging Research Core that monitors organ volumes before and after interventions. At this time, patients are interested in procedures that will alleviate and palliate their mass symptoms but desire preliminary information on the procedural efficacy. We aim to report our experience with a new therapeutic advance - FS for the treatment of liver and kidney cysts at Mayo Clinic - and to determine the impact of this procedure on patient-reported quality of life measures and changes in organ volumes.
Isolated Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Liver Disease
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-08T08:47:42-0400
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This study will test to see if metformin is safe and if it is tolerated compared to placebo in adult Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) patients with beginning stages of ...
The aim of the study is to test the following hypotheses: 1. that the function and/or regulation of AQP2 and /or ENaC in the principal cells is abnormal in autosomal dominant polyc...
Polycystic liver disease is the most common extra-renal manifestation of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). There is need for robust long-term evidence for the volume-reducing effec...
Pancreatic lesions in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) are primarily cysts. They are increasingly recognized, with isolated reports of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasia (IPM...
To evaluate the accuracy of US in calculating renal volumes and renal resistive index (RRI) that was obtained using a new method in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).
Overweight and obesity were recently associated with a poor prognosis in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Whether the metabolic consequences of obesity as defined by...
To evaluate splenic phenotype in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) including presence of cysts and splenomegaly to determine if these are ADPKD related or represent unrelated incide...
Kidney disorders with autosomal dominant inheritance and characterized by multiple CYSTS in both KIDNEYS with progressive deterioration of renal function.
Hereditary diseases that are characterized by the progressive expansion of a large number of tightly packed CYSTS within the KIDNEYS. They include diseases with autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive inheritance.
A genetic disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance, characterized by multiple CYSTS in both KIDNEYS and associated LIVER lesions. Serious manifestations are usually present at BIRTH with high PERINATAL MORTALITY.
A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.
A rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by the deposition of copper in the BRAIN; LIVER; CORNEA; and other organs. It is caused by defects in the ATP7B gene encoding copper-transporting ATPase 2 (EC 188.8.131.52), also known as the Wilson disease protein. The overload of copper inevitably leads to progressive liver and neurological dysfunction such as LIVER CIRRHOSIS; TREMOR; ATAXIA and intellectual deterioration. Hepatic dysfunction may precede neurologic dysfunction by several years.
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