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Left Bundle Branch Pacing Versus Biventricular Pacing for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

2019-10-07 08:56:56 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The present study will recruit 40 symptomatic heart failure patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) below 35% and complete left bundle branch block(QRSd≥130 ms). Each patient was randomized to either left bundle branch pacing(LBBP) or biventricular pacing(BivP) and was followed up for at least 6 months. The objective is to compare the effects of LBBP and BivP on cardiac resynchronization in the treatment of heart failure by measurable clinical parameters.

Description

The traditional biventricular pacing (BivP) is an established treatment to corrected the cardiac dyssynchrony in heart failure patients with left bundle branch block(LBBB). It has been proved that BivP can improve clinical symptoms and reduce all-cause mortality in heart failure. However, BivP is subject to the variable coronary sinus(CS) anatomy and LV-pacing lead fail to be implanted in 5%-10% of patients due to the lack of appropriate target branch, high threshold or phrenic nerve stimulation. Almost 30%-40% of patients with successful implantation show no response. What's more, BivP just corrects the mechanical dyssynchrony caused by LBBB not corrects the LBBB. Recent studies have demonstrated that His bundle pacing (HBP) can correct LBBB, achieve physiological pacing and realize the cardiac resynchronization. But HBP has high technical requirements, lower sense value and higher threshold of correcting LBBB, which may be further increased in long-term follow-up.

The lastest research shows that pacing left ventricular septum using a transseptal approach can reduce left ventricular(LV) electrical dyssynchrony. Huang et al first confirmed that left bundle branch pacing(LBBP) can correct LBBB and improve cardiac function. LBBP has been reported to offer higher success rate with higher sense value and lower pacing thresholds compared with HBP. In chronic heart failure patients with LBBB that need cardiac resynchronization therapy(CRT), LBBP can achieve the similar electrical and mechanical resynchronization as well as HBP.

There is to date no randomized studies between LBBP and BivP in HFrEF patients with complete LBBB that need CRT. The purpose of this study is to compare the therapeutic effects of LBBP and conventional BivP on LV function and clinical endpoints in such patients. The present study will randomize 40 patients in two centres to LBBP or BivP. Baseline assessments including echocardiography parameters[left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF ), left ventricular end-systolic volume(LVESV), left ventricular end-diastolic volume(LVEDV)], electrocardiogram(ECG), N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP) level, New York Heart Association(NYHA) class, 6-minute walking distance(6MWD) and quality of life score(QOL) will be obtained. At the same time, the LBBP and BivP success rate, intraoperative and postoperative complications are recorded.

Study Design

Conditions

Chronic Heart Failure

Intervention

Left bundle branch pacing, Biventricular pacing

Location

The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University
Nanjing
Jiangsu
China
210029

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-07T08:56:56-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The restoration of the sequential order of contraction and relaxation of the HEART ATRIA and HEART VENTRICLES by atrio-biventricular pacing.

Moving oneself through space while confused or otherwise cognitively impaired. Patterns include akathisia, exhibiting neuroleptic-induced pacing and restlessness; exit seekers who are often newly admitted institution residents who try to open locked exit doors; self-stimulators who perform other activities such as turning doorknobs, in addition to continuous pacing; and modelers who shadow other pacers.

Regulation of the rate of contraction of the heart muscles by an artificial pacemaker.

A form of heart block in which the electrical stimulation of HEART VENTRICLES is interrupted at either one of the branches of BUNDLE OF HIS thus preventing the simultaneous depolarization of the two ventricles.

Small band of specialized CARDIAC MUSCLE fibers that originates in the ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE and extends into the membranous part of the interventricular septum. The bundle of His, consisting of the left and the right bundle branches, conducts the electrical impulses to the HEART VENTRICLES in generation of MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION.

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