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Trial of Remote Ischemic Pre-conditioning in Vascular Cognitive Impairment

2019-10-04 08:31:35 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Cerebral small vessel disease is a common cause of cognitive impairment. Remote ischemic pre-conditioning (RIC) is a technique to induce brief periods of limb ischemia-reperfusion that is hypothesized to increase tolerance of the brain to hypoperfusion and increase cerebral blood flow. Patients with cognitive impairment, preserved basic activities of daily living, and brain computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of confluent white matter hyperintensities or multiple brain infarcts will be randomized to either RIC performed once a day on one arm, or twice per day on one arm, for 30 days, to test tolerability and effects on MRI markers of blood flow.

Description

Cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) accounts for 20-25% of all strokes and is the most common cause of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) as well as a major contributor to mixed dementia, potentially interacting with Alzheimer's disease. Remote ischemic pre-conditioning (RIC) is a technique to induce brief periods of limb ischemia-reperfusion that is hypothesized to increase tolerance of the brain to hypoperfusion. This is a prospective, open-label randomized controlled clinical trial with blinded endpoint assessment (PROBE). Participants that complete a 14-day run-in period will be randomized to 30 days of either: a) RIC performed once per day on one arm, or b) RIC performed twice per day on one arm. Each RIC session will consist of 4 cycles of unilateral upper arm ischemia for 5 minutes followed by reperfusion for another 5 minutes, administered by modified blood pressure monitor (under an Investigational Trail Authorization from Health Canada). The primary outcome is tolerability, defined as the proportion in each trial arm that complete 80% or more of the assigned RIC sessions. Secondary outcomes will include pain scores, cognition, and MRI markers of cerebral blood flow and white matter integrity.

Study Design

Conditions

Vascular Dementia

Intervention

Remote ischemic conditioning

Location

Foothills Medical Centre
Calgary
Alberta
Canada
T2N 2T9

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Calgary

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-04T08:31:35-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.

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Consultation via remote telecommunications, generally for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of a patient at a site remote from the patient or primary physician.

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