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Transcutaneous Spinal and Peripheral Stimulation and Wrist Robotic Therapy for Patients With Spastic Stroke

2019-10-09 09:21:42 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to investigate if two courses of five consecutive sessions of noninvasive spinal stimulation paired with peripheral nerve stimulation at the forearm provided by an investigational device (Doublestim™/ MyoRegulator™ System - PathMaker Neurosystems Inc.) are able to improve wrist stiffness and motor function, when combined with intensive robotic wrist training program in participants with chronic spastic hemiparesis after stroke.

Description

Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death and the leading cause of serious long-term disability in the U.S. Post-stroke impairment often presents as weakness of the upper and lower limbs and spasticity (muscle and joint stiffness and hyperactivity). This condition impacts motor recovery and renders the individual dependent for most activities of daily living. Even with aggressive standard rehabilitation, 65 percent of patients cannot incorporate their affected hand in functional activities six months after stroke. Investigators have previously demonstrated that robotic therapy provides significant benefits to upper limb motor recovery after stroke. The treatment has been acknowledged by the American Heart Association as an effective form of stroke rehabilitation.

Neuromodulation techniques such as noninvasive brain, nerve and spinal direct current stimulation have been proposed as promising safe tools for augmenting motor learning and function after brain injury. Ahmed (2014) demonstrated in a pre-clinical mouse model that the use of combined trans-spinal and peripheral direct current stimulation (tsDCS + pDCS) can modulate muscle tone and potentially improve motor function. Preliminary clinical trial of safety and feasibility (Paget-blanc et al. 2019) suggests that five sessions of transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation paired with transcutaneous peripheral direct current stimulation (Doublestim™/ MyoRegulator™ System - PathMaker Neurosystems Inc.) temporarily reduce spasticity features such as catch response to slow and fast joint stretch and overall stiffness of the affected extremity with optimal reductions in spasticity occurring 2-3 weeks post stimulation intervention. Unexpectedly, participants also experienced significant improvements in motor function, suggestive that tsDCS+ pDCS may provide a therapeutic window to further augment motor outcomes with robotic wrist training.

The investigators propose a study to evaluate whether two doses of five consecutive days of paired spinal and peripheral noninvasive stimulation combined with six weeks of intensive (three times a week) robotic therapy will significantly alter the clinical and objective measures of spasticity and motor function of the wrist in participants with upper extremity spasticity after stroke.

Study Design

Conditions

Spasticity as Sequela of Stroke

Intervention

MyoRegulator™ System

Location

The Feinstein Institutes For Medical Research - Northwell Health
Manhasset
New York
United States
11030

Status

Recruiting

Source

Northwell Health

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-09T09:21:42-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Restoration of functions to the maximum degree possible in a person or persons suffering from a stroke.

Stroke caused by lacunar infarction or other small vessel diseases of the brain. It features hemiparesis (see PARESIS), hemisensory, or hemisensory motor loss.

A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)

A vascular anomaly composed of a collection of large, thin walled tortuous VEINS that can occur in any part of the central nervous system but lack intervening nervous tissue. Familial occurrence is common and has been associated with a number of genes mapped to 7q, 7p and 3q. Clinical features include SEIZURES; HEADACHE; STROKE; and progressive neurological deficit.

A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)

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