Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Meningioma, an extra-axial brain tumor developed at the expense of meninges, accounts for 35% of central nervous system tumors, and its incidence is estimated at 3% in large autopsy series.
The current gold standard for screening and monitoring cerebral meningiomas is MRI with injection of gadoline-contrast product. However, the use of some of these products is problematic, due to gadolinium deposits observed in patients who have had several injections during their lifetime, especially in patients followed for multiple sclerosis.
Recently, the French National Agency for the Safety of Medicines and Health Products (ANSM) issued recommendations concerning the screening of meningiomas in patients at risk, particularly in people treated with cyproterone acetate. It is a synthetic progestogen steroid with anti-androgenic properties. It is used to treat hyperandrogenic syndromes in women or in the palliative treatment of prostate cancer in men. Its long-term use seems to be associated with a significant over-risk of developing meningiomas, brain tumours affecting meninges. This increased risk is multiplied by 7 in women exposed to high doses of cyproterone acetate, and by 20 over a cumulative dose of 60 grams, or about 5 years of treatment at 50 mg/day or 10 years at 25 mg/day. The ANSM recommends that a cerebral MRI be performed at the beginning of treatment for all patients, as well as a control MRI renewed at 5 years and then every 2 years if the MRI at 5 years is normal. These recommendations will lead to a large number of MRIs involving an injection of contrast agent in this population, with potential immediate or delayed serious adverse effects.
New techniques, such as Arterial Spin Labelling (ASL), or black blood sequences optimized for contrast detection, have been developed. These could detect meningeal anomalies and more particularly meningiomas without contrast injection, or with a significantly lower dose of contrast agent.
These techniques have not been specifically studied for screening or monitoring meningeal lesions, but it seems relevant and important to be able to validate protocols that reduce gadolinium doses given the high number of screening and follow-up MRIs in the general population.
Patients presenting for brain MRI screening or meningioma follow-up will have the usual MRI sequences for their management, and the sequences performed at 1/6th of the standard dose of Gadolinium that are added for research. These new sequences will add approximately 6 minutes of additional examination time.
sequences T1 FE
Fondation ophtalmique Adolphe de Rothschild
Not yet recruiting
Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe de Rothschild
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-09T09:21:43-0400
The purpose of this study is to determine, by means of DNA and protein analysis, the relationship between DNA and protein profiles and a number of endpoints which are important for the pat...
We observe an increase risk of meningioma in patient treated by CYPROTERONE ACETATE or other form of progestin. We discribe caractéristics of meningioma and treatement of the patients fol...
To compare daily oral mifepristone vs placebo with respect to time to treatment failure in patients with unresectable meningioma.
Meningioma, an extra-axial brain tumor developed at the expense of meninges, accounts for 35% of central nervous system tumors, and its incidence is estimated at 3% in large autopsy series...
This research study is studying a drug as a possible treatment for High Grade Meningioma. The drug involved in this study is an immunotherapy drug called pembrolizumab
Extracranial meningioma metastases are uncommon, occurring in less than 1% of patients diagnosed with meningioma. Due to the rarity of meningioma metastases, patients are not routinely screened for di...
Both pre- and postoperative seizures comprise common side effects that negatively impact patient quality of life in those suffering from intracranial meningioma. Therefore, seizure freedom represents ...
Meningiomas are the most common benign intracranial neoplasms in adults, but they have a lower incidence in children. Rhabdoid meningioma is a rare subtype of meningioma and is classified as World Hea...
Solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC) and meningioma exhibit similar radiographic features, however, they differ in their prognoses. Preoperative differentiation between them is importan...
Papillary meningioma is a rare, aggressive variant of meningioma. It accounts for less than 1% of all meningiomas. It is categorized as WHO grade III due to high rate of recurrence and metastasis. His...
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
Sequences of DNA or RNA that occur in multiple copies. There are several types: INTERSPERSED REPETITIVE SEQUENCES are copies of transposable elements (DNA TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS or RETROELEMENTS) dispersed throughout the genome. TERMINAL REPEAT SEQUENCES flank both ends of another sequence, for example, the long terminal repeats (LTRs) on RETROVIRUSES. Variations may be direct repeats, those occurring in the same direction, or inverted repeats, those opposite to each other in direction. TANDEM REPEAT SEQUENCES are copies which lie adjacent to each other, direct or inverted (INVERTED REPEAT SEQUENCES).
A large collection of DNA fragments cloned (CLONING, MOLECULAR) from a given organism, tissue, organ, or cell type. It may contain complete genomic sequences (GENOMIC LIBRARY) or complementary DNA sequences, the latter being formed from messenger RNA and lacking intron sequences.
Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...