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Functionally Validated Structural Endpoints for Early AMD

2019-10-08 08:47:35 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Delayed rod-mediated dark adaptation (RMDA), or delayed recovery of vision in a dark environment, is a functional biomarker (i.e., risk factor) for early age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This research plan is designed to elucidate the structural (anatomical) basis of this visual deficit using cellular- and subcellular level imaging of the retina and its supporting tissues in living people. An accurate map and timeline of structure-function relationships in persons tested for night vision will result in functionally validated structural endpoints for early AMD trials, as well as define major biologic effects for development into future treatments.

Description

The Alabama Study on Early Age-Related Macular Degeneration 2 (ALSTAR2) is a prospective cohort study with baseline measurements that are repeated at follow-up 3 years later. The baseline and 3 year follow-up visits will each consist of 2 visits for a total of 4 visits.

Study assessments are listed below. All are collected at two visits at both baseline and follow-up for 4 visits total (blood collection for DNA analysis at baseline only). For some functional tests (photopic and mesonic acuity, photopic and mesonic contrast sensitivity), each eye will be tested separately. For other functional tests (dark-adapted two-color perimetry, light-adapted cone-mediate perimetry, rod-mediated dark adaptation), only one eye will be tested, which will be designated by the study eye. Tropicamide 1% and phenylephrine hydrochloride 2.5% are used to dilate pupils (diameter of ≥ 6 mm) as needed for specific parts of the protocol. After completing the baseline visits, participants will receive an annual phone call from the study coordinator so that contact information can be updated. Participants will receive an annual newsletter containing study related information (this will be submitted to the IRB for approval).

Study Assessments:

1. Rod-mediated dark adaptation (RMDA), the ability to recover light sensitivity after exposure to a bright light.

2. Dark-adapted two-color microperimetry, a measure of light sensitivity for lights of two different colors.

3. Photopic and mesopic acuity in central vision, as measured by letter charts..

4. Photopic and mesopic contrast sensitivity in central vision, as measured by letter charts..

5. Multimodal ocular imaging on both eyes, which consists of the following: color fundus photography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT), blue fundus autofluorescence (standard and quantitative), OCT-angiography (OCT-A).

6. Blood draw for the analysis of C-reactive protein, high-density lipoprotein, carotenoid level, DNA extraction, and examination of the presence of genetic risk associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

7. Questionnaires: Demographics, medical co-morbidities, cognitive status screen, medication use, alcohol use, smoking, self-reported visual difficulty in the visual activities of daily living

The Young normal group will only complete:

1. Rod-mediated dark adaptation (RMDA), the ability to recover light sensitivity after exposure to a bright light.

2. Dark-adapted two-color microperimetry, a measure of light sensitivity for lights of two different colors.

3. . Photopic and mesopic acuity in central vision, as measured by letter charts..

4. Photopic and mesopic contrast sensitivity in central vision, as measured by letter charts..

5. Multimodal ocular imaging on both eyes, which consists of the following: color fundus photography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT), blue fundus autofluorescence (standard and quantitative),OCT-angiography (OCT-A).d and quantitative), OCT-angiography.

Study Design

Conditions

Age-related Macular Degeneration

Intervention

Normal Macular Health, Early Macular Degeneration, Young Normals

Location

University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35294

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Alabama at Birmingham

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-08T08:47:35-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of MACULAR DEGENERATION also known as dry macular degeneration marked by occurrence of a well-defined progressive lesion or atrophy in the central part of the RETINA called the MACULA LUTEA. It is distinguishable from WET MACULAR DEGENERATION in that the latter involves neovascular exudates.

Specialized ophthalmic technique used in the surgical repair and or treatment of disorders that include retinal tears or detachment; MACULAR HOLES; hereditary retinal disease; AIDS-related retinal infections; ocular tumors; MACULAR DEGENERATION; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; and UVEITIS.

A retrogressive pathological change in the retina, focal or generalized, caused by genetic defects, inflammation, trauma, vascular disease, or aging. Degeneration affecting predominantly the macula lutea of the retina is MACULAR DEGENERATION. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p304)

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A form of RETINAL DEGENERATION in which abnormal CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION occurs under the RETINA and MACULA LUTEA, causing bleeding and leaking of fluid. This leads to bulging and or lifting of the macula and the distortion or destruction of central vision.

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