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Scientific advances, population growth, lower mortality, and increasing complexity of diseases have boosted up the number of patients requiring prolonged breathing assistance with mechanical ventilators in the pediatric intensive care units (PICU) in many parts of the developed world. Previous studies also suggest that there is a small group of children who actually need such a high level of support for extended periods of time, utilizing a lot of human and technical resources. We defined children with prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) if they required supports with a breathing machine for more than 14 days. We propose an international point prevalence study of children requiring PMV in PICU. We will conduct the study in multiple centers in several different regions, including North and South America, Europe, and Asian countries, with a strong relationship with local physician colleagues. Practice for patients requiring PMV will be examined including the type and size of local PICU, admission and discharge policies, and patient and treatment modalities administered to such patients, types of professionals looking after patients in PMV, types of health care. We anticipate a high variability in practices suggesting a need to further standardize the management of PMV.. Specifically, as an immediate consequence, by comparing and understanding the differences in patient demographics, practice details among PICUs in regards to the background factors of local PICUs and their patients, practitioners will share their way of dealing with such patients. In that way, this study will support the need to generate guidelines and lead to patient care improvement in PICUs.
Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
prolonged mechanical ventilation
CHU Sainte Justine
St. Justine's Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-08T08:47:37-0400
1.Research hypothesis: during weaning patient from prolonged mechanical ventilation, if the work load caused by weaning was below the patient's AT, oxygen uptake will be constant. Otherwis...
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Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.
Mechanical ventilation delivered to match the patient's efforts in breathing as detected by the interactive ventilation device.
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...