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Introduction: The uncomplicated and focused transthoracic cardiac ultrasound examination, which is gentle for the patient, gives the doctor in a short time a lot of information about possible, as unrecognized pathologies of the organs of the chest.
Before a patient undergoes a planned procedure or intervention with a subsequent intensive stay, examinations are necessary from which the anesthetist/intensive physician has important information the state of health of the patient. The findings and the information will be used to plan the individual anesthesia procedures and intensive medical management, which is suitable for the patient.
The aim of this work is to investigate whether the use of a modified examination protocol in patients who need to be admitted to an intensive care unit has an influence on the actions of the intensive care physician. Does the information that is collected from the findings have a complementary influence in the planning of intensive care management? The Study objectives
What is the frequency with which pathological changes are detected?
Do the additional findings have an influence on the intensive care procedure?
At the end of the 1980s, a protocol for transthoracic cardiac ultrasound examination was established in order to get a quick overview of the structure and function of a patient's heart. Under the abbreviation "FATE" (focus assessed transthoracic echocardiography), it was "FAST"(focused assessment with sonography for trauma) when it was analogous to the ultrasound examination in traumatized patients, became an important component in the care of the acutely ill patients ( Walcher.F et al,2009).
The uncomplicated and focused transthoracic cardiac ultrasound examination, which is gentle for the patient, gives the doctor in a short time a lot of information about possible, as unrecognized pathologies of the organs of the chest.
In 2014, M.T. Bétker et al. published a study on the preoperative transthoracic sonography of the heart. Pathologies were detected in 27 percent of the patients included in the study, that could have a possible influence on the anesthesiological and intensive medical care procedures (Bøtker, M.T et al,2014).
The aim of this work is to investigate whether the use of a modified examination protocol in patients who need to be admitted to an intensive care unit has an influence on the actions of the intensive care physician. Does the information that is collected from the findings have a complementary influence in the planning of intensive care management? Before a patient undergoes a planned procedure or intervention with a subsequent intensive stay, examinations are necessary from which the anesthetist/intensive physician has important information the state of health of the patient. The findings and the information will be used to plan the individual anesthesia procedures and intensive medical management, which is suitable for the patient.
The examination takes place as part of the premedication visit. In addition to the history and the physical examination, the evaluation of already carried out examinations takes place here. Potential risks and complications are also discussed if the patient desires.
This evaluation helps to reduce the perioperative and interventional risks for the patient. particularly the detection of the cardiopulmonary capacity of the patient. Various technical studies can help to diagnose diseases of the heart, lungs and vascular system or to record the course of a known disorder (Anästh. Intensivmed (51) ,2010).
In addition to laboratory examinations, the electrocardiogram, the X-ray examination of the organs of the thorax, the blood vessel sonography, echocardiography is available.
The most common indications of echocardiography are the assessment of left and right ventricular pumping function and the exclusion of cardiac defects and shunt in patients with signs of heart failure or pathological auscultation findings.
These findings will be analyzed latest the day before a planned operation or intervention during the premedication visits and discussed with the patient in order to develop a patient-specific procedure and regimen.
This possibility exists for urgent interventions or interventions that which must be carried out on the same day, only conditionally and not for all planned admissions in the intensive care unit. Completeness of anesthetic and intensive medical findings about a statement the cardiopulmonary function is not always to be expected. In favor of rapid therapy, this must usually be dispensed with in a patient-individual risk-benefit-assessment.
The purpose of this study is to help answer the question whether the routine use of focused transthoracic echocardiography in unplanned admission to the Intensive Care Unit is a useful additional measure for the anesthesiologist and intensive physician in order to provide the patient with more safety?
Intensive Care Unit Syndrome
Assiut University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-08T08:47:37-0400
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