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This prospective randomized intervention study aims to determine if the Concussion Symptom Treatment Program (C-STEP), a cognitive behavioral therapy, improves outcomes for children with post-concussion syndrome.
This prospective randomized intervention study aims to determine if C-STEP improves outcomes for children with post-concussion syndrome. Forty children with post-concussion syndrome referred to the Nationwide Children's Hospital (NCH) Complex Concussion Clinic will be randomized to receive either usual care in the NCH Complex Concussion Clinic (comparison) or usual care in the NCH Complex Concussion Clinic plus four weekly sessions of C-STEP (treatment).
C-STEP has been developed for patients with post-concussion syndrome. The CBT intervention involves 4 primary components: psychoeducation, activity management, sleep hygiene, and relaxation training (adapted from McNally et al., 2018). Psychoeducation involves providing patients and families with information about typical concussion symptoms and recovery, the role of non-injury/psychological factors in post-concussion syndrome, and information about the mind-body connection. Activity management involves setting specific goals to achieve a return to normal daily activities such as school attendance, schoolwork completion, household activities, and participating in social/leisure activities. The sleep hygiene component involves providing individualized recommendations to promote healthy sleep habits such as eliminating naps, keeping a consistent sleep schedule, turning off electronics at bedtime, or other needed modifications. Finally, relaxation training involves teaching specific evidence-based strategies for relaxation and coping with stress such as diaphragmatic breathing and progressive muscle relaxation.
Usual Care, C-STEP (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy)
Not yet recruiting
Nationwide Children's Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-08T08:47:40-0400
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The organic and psychogenic disturbances observed after closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED). Post-concussion syndrome includes subjective physical complaints (i.e. headache, dizziness), cognitive, emotional, and behavioral changes. These disturbances can be chronic, permanent, or late emerging.
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses MINDFULNESS and behavioral activation to increase patients' psychological flexibility in areas such as ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.
A nonspecific term used to describe transient alterations or loss of consciousness following closed head injuries. The duration of UNCONSCIOUSNESS generally lasts a few seconds, but may persist for several hours. Concussions may be classified as mild, intermediate, and severe. Prolonged periods of unconsciousness (often defined as greater than 6 hours in duration) may be referred to as post-traumatic coma (COMA, POST-HEAD INJURY). (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p418)
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